Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund


Look at these examples:

1. I enjoy reading. (not I enjoy to read)

2. Would you mind closing the door? (not mind to close)

3. Chris suggested going to the cinema. (not suggested to go)

After enjoy, mind and suggest, we use -ing (not to…).

Some more verbs that are followed by -ing:

stop, postpone, admit, avoid, imagine, finish, consider, deny, risk, fancy

1. Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence.

2. I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat.

3. He tried to avoid answering my question.

4. I don’t fancy going out this evening. (= I’m not enthusiastic about it)

5. Have you ever considered going to live in another country?

The negative form is not -ing:

  • When I’m on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.


Read the rules

We also use -ing after:

give up (= stop)

put off (= postpone)

go on / carry on (= continue)

keep or keep on (= do something continuously or repeatedly)

1. I’ve given up reading newspapers. I think it’s a waste of time.

2. Jenny doesn’t want to retire. She wants to go on working. (or … to carry on working.)

3. You keep interrupting when I’m talking! or You keep on interrupting

Read the rules

With some verbs you can use the structure verb + somebody + -ing:

1. I can’t imagine George riding a motorbike.

2. You can’t stop me doing what I want.

3. «Sorry to keep you waiting so long.» «That’s all right.»

Note the passive form (being done/seen/kept etc.):

  • I don’t mind being kept waiting. (= I don’t mind people keeping me…)

Read the rules

When you are talking about finished actions, you can say having done/stolen/said etc.:

  • They admitted having stolen the money.

But it is not necessary to use having (done). You can also say:

1. They admitted stealing the money.

2. I now regret saying (or having said) what I said.

After some of the verbs on this page (especially admit/deny/suggest) you can also use that…:

1. They denied that they had stolen the money. (or They denied stealing…)

2. Sam suggested that we went to the cinema. (or Sam suggested going…)

HW tasks

Complete each sentence with one of the following verbs (in the correct form):


Complete the sentences for each situation using -ing


Complete the sentences so that they mean the same as the first sentence. Use -ing.

If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.

Урок Homework Курс
  • I enjoy reading
  • I've given up reading news
  • Being done
  • Having done
  • Following verbs
  • She suggested going to the zoo
  • Complete the sentences
  • Homework
  1. 1. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|1. I am doing and I do
  2. 2. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|2. I am doing and I do
  3. 3. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|3. I did
  4. 4. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|4. I was doing
  5. 5. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|5. I have done
  6. 6. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|6. I have done 2
  7. 7. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|7. I have been doing
  8. 8. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|8. I've been doing / I've done
  9. 9. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|9. How long have you (been)...?
  10. 10. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|10. For/since; When/How long?
  11. 11. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|11. I have done and I did
  12. 12. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|12. I have done and I did 2
  13. 13. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|13. I had done
  14. 14. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing
  15. 15. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|15. The future: I am doing / I do
  16. 16. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|16. I will and I'm going to
  17. 17. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|17. Future: Continuous/Perfect
  18. 18. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|18. Conditional I
  19. 19. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|19. Can, could and (be) able to
  20. 20. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|20. Have to and must
  21. 21. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|21. If I do... and If I did...
  22. 22. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|22. If I knew... I wish I knew...
  23. 23. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|23. Conditional III
  24. 24. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|24. Wish
  25. 25. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|25. Is done / was done
  26. 26. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|26. Be/been/being + done
  27. 27. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|27. Passive 3
  28. 28. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|28. Passive: He is said to...
  29. 29. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|29. Have something done
  30. 30. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|30. He said that...
  31. 31. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|31. Say and Tell
  32. 32. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|32. Do you know where..?
  33. 33. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|33. Auxiliary verbs; so/neither
  34. 34. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|34. Do you? Isn't it? etc.
  35. 35. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund
  36. 36. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
  37. 37. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|37. Verb + Object + to Infinitive
  38. 38. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|38. -ing or to: change in meaning
  39. 39. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|39. Try/Need/Help: -ing or to
  40. 40. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|40. Like / Would like: -ing or to
  41. 41. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|41. Some/any/no/none
  42. 42. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|42. Much/many/few/little
  43. 43. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|43. Both/either/neither/all/every