Look at these examples:
1. I enjoy reading. (not I enjoy to read)
2. Would you mind closing the door? (not mind to close)
3. Chris suggested going to the cinema. (not suggested to go)
After enjoy, mind and suggest, we use -ing (not to…).
Some more verbs that are followed by -ing:
stop, postpone, admit, avoid, imagine, finish, consider, deny, risk, fancy
1. Suddenly everybody stopped talking. There was silence.
2. I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat.
3. He tried to avoid answering my question.
4. I don’t fancy going out this evening. (= I’m not enthusiastic about it)
5. Have you ever considered going to live in another country?
The negative form is not -ing:
- When I’m on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.
Read the rules
We also use -ing after:
|give up (= stop)
put off (= postpone)
go on / carry on (= continue)
keep or keep on (= do something continuously or repeatedly)
1. I’ve given up reading newspapers. I think it’s a waste of time.
2. Jenny doesn’t want to retire. She wants to go on working. (or … to carry on working.)
3. You keep interrupting when I’m talking! or You keep on interrupting…
Read the rules
With some verbs you can use the structure verb + somebody + -ing:
1. I can’t imagine George riding a motorbike.
2. You can’t stop me doing what I want.
3. «Sorry to keep you waiting so long.» «That’s all right.»
Note the passive form (being done/seen/kept etc.):
- I don’t mind being kept waiting. (= I don’t mind people keeping me…)
Read the rules
When you are talking about finished actions, you can say having done/stolen/said etc.:
- They admitted having stolen the money.
But it is not necessary to use having (done). You can also say:
1. They admitted stealing the money.
2. I now regret saying (or having said) what I said.
After some of the verbs on this page (especially admit/deny/suggest) you can also use that…:
1. They denied that they had stolen the money. (or They denied stealing…)
2. Sam suggested that we went to the cinema. (or Sam suggested going…)
Complete each sentence with one of the following verbs (in the correct form):
Complete the sentences for each situation using -ing
Complete the sentences so that they mean the same as the first sentence. Use -ing.
If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.
- I enjoy reading
- I've given up reading news
- Being done
- Having done
- Following verbs
- She suggested going to the zoo
- Complete the sentences
- 1. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|1. I am doing and I do
- 2. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|2. I am doing and I do
- 3. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|3. I did
- 4. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|4. I was doing
- 5. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|5. I have done
- 6. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|6. I have done 2
- 7. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|7. I have been doing
- 8. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|8. I've been doing / I've done
- 9. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|9. How long have you (been)...?
- 10. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|10. For/since; When/How long?
- 11. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|11. I have done and I did
- 12. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|12. I have done and I did 2
- 13. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|13. I had done
- 14. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|14. I had been doing
- 15. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|15. The future: I am doing / I do
- 16. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|16. I will and I'm going to
- 17. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|17. Future: Continuous/Perfect
- 18. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|18. Conditional I
- 19. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|19. Can, could and (be) able to
- 20. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|20. Have to and must
- 21. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|21. If I do... and If I did...
- 22. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|22. If I knew... I wish I knew...
- 23. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|23. Conditional III
- 24. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|24. Wish
- 25. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|25. Is done / was done
- 26. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|26. Be/been/being + done
- 27. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|27. Passive 3
- 28. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|28. Passive: He is said to...
- 29. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|29. Have something done
- 30. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|30. He said that...
- 31. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|31. Say and Tell
- 32. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|32. Do you know where..?
- 33. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|33. Auxiliary verbs; so/neither
- 34. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|34. Do you? Isn't it? etc.
- 35. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|35. Gerund
- 36. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|36. Verb + to Infinitive
- 37. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|37. Verb + Object + to Infinitive
- 38. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|38. -ing or to: change in meaning
- 39. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|39. Try/Need/Help: -ing or to
- 40. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|40. Like / Would like: -ing or to
- 41. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|41. Some/any/no/none
- 42. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|42. Much/many/few/little
- 43. Adults|Grammar|Intermediate|43. Both/either/neither/all/every