Adults|Spoken|Upper-Intermediate|14. Healthy lifestyle


Look at the pictures and answer the questions

  1. Which of the health issues suggested in the photographs do you think help us to live longer?
  2. What is a healthy lifestyle for you? Why?
  3. What other ways of staying healthy and fit do you know?
  4. Do you do anything to be healthy? What?
  5. Do you always take drugs when you’re ill? Why?

Describe the pictures

sedentary [ˈsedntri] — spending a lot of time sitting down, and not moving or exercising very much





1. healthy

2. clean

3. stressful

4. unhealthy

5. exhausting

6. relaxing

7. active

8. polluted

9. stress-free

10. sedentary

Look at the table and answer the questions

Country Men Women












(source: World Health Organisation)

  1. Why do you think there are differences between the different countries?
  2. Why do women live longer than men?
  3. What could people do to live longer?
  4. What might be the numbers in your country?

Look at the table and discuss the diets of the following people


energy (Kcal) protein (g) carbohy-drates (g) fat (g) calcium (mg) vitamin C (mg)
honey 64 0 17 0 1,2 0,1
1 apple 8,1 0,3 21 0,5 10 8
milk 150 8 11 8 291 2
orange juice 94 1,4 22 0,4 23 104
fish 50 6 0 3 92 0
pasta 99 3 20 0,5 5 0
cornflakes 111 2,3 25 0,1 1 15,1
pizza 181 10 20 7 65 1,6
white rice 103 2 22 0,2 8 1
roast chicken 277 42 0 11 22 0
chocolate chip cookie 78 0,9 9 4,5 6,2 0

Example: I think pasta should be part of an athlete’s diet because it’s a high energy food and it’s high in carbohydrates and low in fat. Moreover, they should also eat chicken and fish as they are high in protein.

  • an athlete
  • an old person
  • a student
  • a person who’s on a diet

Make true sentences about your eating habits

Example: I don’t really eat dairy products on a daily basis.

I don’t really









can’t stand

don’t mind



spicy food


savoury snacks

greasy foods

creamy sauces

junk food

fizzy drinks

fruit & salads

dairy products

all the time

when on a diet

at work

at school

on holiday

on a daily basis

Rank the following in order of importance

Make sentences with the words in the picture

  • well-dressed — wearing fashionable or expensive clothes
  • well-paid — earning or providing a lot of money
  • well-mannered — having good manners
  • well-preserved — a well-preserved building or object is old but still in good condition
  • well-built — with a solid, strong body
  • well-off — having a lot of money
  • well-to-do — having a lot of money
  • well-informed — having or showing knowledge or information about many subjects or about one particular subject
  • well-balanced — sensible and emotionally in control

Rearrange the phrases in the correct order to make a short story

🔹If you feel (a bit) under the weather, you feel slightly ill but not seriously ill. However, sometimes people say this as an understatement when they feel very ill but want to hide how bad they feel, e.g.

— Mum, you look terrible! What’s wrong?

— Oh, it’s nothing. I’m just feeling a bit under the weather.

🔹If your doctor or other specialist gives you a clean bill of health, they say that you are completely well and have no medical problems. Although bill in this usage means document, in the UK this is not typically a real document and you are not actually given anything, e.g. even if the doctor only says the words You’re fine, you can still tell other people that you were given a clean bill of health.

🔹If you are at death’s door, you are near death. This is often used to talk about how people look, e.g. When we saw her she was so pale. She looked at death’s door.

🔹If you are going down with something, you are in the early stages of an illness. You can go down with a cold, flu, an infection, etc. As there is often some uncertainty about whether one is really ill or not, the expression often collocates with I think or I feel like, e.g. I think I’m going down with flu.

🔹My back is killing me means that my back is so painful that I can hardly stand it. Other parts of your body and some illnesses can also be used with this expression, e.g. my leg, this indigestion, my headache, etc.

🔹When there is a (nasty) bug going round, there is a very infectious illness in your office, school, local community, etc. and lots of people are catching it and becoming ill. The expression is often used to explain why there are fewer people than normal at work, e.g.

— Where is everyone? I thought there were ten people in this office!

— Yes. There’s a bug going round.

🔹When you are in good shape, you are very fit and healthy.

🔹A hypochondriac is a person who repeatedly believes that they are ill or worries that their health is much worse than it is. Their condition is called hypochondria. If a hypochondriac hears someone talking about an illness or reads about it in a book, they are likely to think that they have it.

I know I’m a hypochondriac, but I’m certain it’s caused by a brain tumor.

Do the quiz


I looked up my symptoms on the Internet and I’m worried that I might be dead!

How much of a hypochondriac are you?

Read the definitions and answer the questions

1. Iridology — looking at someone’s eyes and studying the iris to help diagnose health problems.

2. Homeopathy — taking a very low dose of what makes us ill can cure us — such as pollen for an allergy.

3. Cryotherapy — putting a person in an extremely cold place for a short period can help with pain.

4. Acupuncture — putting thin needles in special parts of a person’s body to help with health problems.

  • Have you heard of any of these?
  • Do you know any other alternative therapies? Which one?
  • Have you tried any?
  • Which therapy do you find the most unusual? Why?

Listen to the audio and do the task

  • frostbite — a medical condition in which parts of the body, especially the fingers and toes, become damaged as a result of extremely cold temperatures
  • provided — used to say that something will only be possible if something else happens or is done
  • nonsense — ideas, statements or beliefs that you think are ridiculous or not true
  • a convert — a person who has changed their religion, beliefs or opinions
  • an iris — the round coloured part that surrounds the pupil of your eye

1. Well, a rugby player I know told me how it helped him get over his injuries more quickly, so I thought I’d give it a try. So you have to take off all your clothes, except for a pair of shorts and a mask. Unless you wear a mask your face will get frostbite! Then you go into this incredibly cold room. My first session just lasted three minutes. Five minutes is safe provided you get out quickly. If you stayed another three or four minutes you’d be dead! It has helped my knees a lot, but I know it won’t last forever. You should have regular sessions otherwise the pain comes back.

2. I had tried so many things to help with the pain in my back but nothing seemed to work until I went to the clinic. I wasn’t really a believer, in fact I thought it was nonsense, but I was ready to try anything as the doctors couldn’t find what’s wrong with me. It was strange lying there as someone stuck needles in different parts of my body. I noticed a big difference after one session, and after the third one the pain had disappeared. This doesn’t mean that I am a convert to any alternative treatment, but this really worked for me.

3. Well, the theory is that any kind of weakness or injury appears directly in the iris. It has an interesting history, a Hungarian doctor noticed that when a bird, an owl I think, hurt itself a black mark immediately appeared in its iris. Of course this was easy to see as owls have such large eyes. As the bird got better, the mark went away. The doctor then developed a map of the iris that related to different parts of the body to help with diagnosis. This is all very well, in theory, but a couple of recent experiments showed that the technique was only reliable half the time. This is a shame because it sounded a really interesting theory!

4. It’s based on the idea, you know, that an illness can be cured if you take — in a medicine or tablet — a little bit of what caused it. Like if someone is allergic to something. The trouble is, I just don’t see how this works in practice. I mean, they use such tiny amounts that it’s a bit like putting a spoonful of salt in the Atlantic ocean! It’s an interesting idea, and I’d like to believe it, but common sense tells me that this can’t possibly be true. All the same, there are loads of people who think the treatment really works, and believe that it has cured them — but maybe they would have got better anyway. We just don’t know.









Roll the dice twice and answer the questions

Find your question by rolling your dice twice. The 1st roll determines the number on the top. The 2nd roll determines the number on the left. Talk for one minute about that topic. If you land on «Ask your partner» you can ask your teacher any question according to the topic «Healthy Lifestyle».


Read the model essay. Pay attention to the prompts given

Write an essay agreeing or disagreeing with the statement. Use the prompts above and the words and phrases below



Useful language

  • Some people claim that…
  • It is often said that…
  • However, in my view/opinion, …
  • However, on balance, …
  • Firstly, it is clear that…
  • There is a strong argument for …
  • While it is true / Although it may be said that…
  • To clarify the point, there is…
  • From my point of view / in my view,
  • It seems clear to me that…
  • Finally, it is important to remember / must be remembered that…
  • Lastly, I feel that…
  • To sum up / In conclusion, it seems to me that…

«Doing something you love makes you happy and healthy»

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Modern survival
  • Healthy eating
  • Healthy lifestyle
  • Bill of health
  • Alternative medicine
  • Healthy talk
  • Homework