Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

pic1_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Read the information

Today you are going to watch and discuss three amazing videos with your teacher. Just imagine how much fun you will have! What are you waiting for?! Let’s start.

pic2_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Look at the pictures and say where you would and wouldn’t like to live. Explain your choice

Watch the video and fill in the summary with the missing words

Narrator | Interviewer | Girl 1 | Girl 2 | Man 1 | Man 2 | Sandy | Man 3 | Girl 3

Narrator: The world is pretty evenly divided: those that live in rural areas and those that live in cities. But how do people decide which of these two will be the right fit for them and make them happy? Can a place even make you happy?
I dove into research to see who’s happier. This study says that rural people are less depressed, but then this book shows how cities make people happier. Then again, this study concludes rural dwellers are actually happier. So, what’s the truth? We asked people in Los Angeles about their happiness.
Interviewer: Well, we’re here on the streets of Los Angeles, the big city, talking to people about happiness. First question, are you happy?
Girl 1: I mean, I feel like I’m not that happy when I’m in the city.
Girl 2: Well, I’m actually moving, because, like, I’m, kind of, not happy here.
Interviewer: Are you happy?
Man 1: Very happy.
Interviewer: You’re very happy?
Man 1: I am.
Interviewer: Are you happy?
Man 2: Uhm, sometimes. I wouldn’t say all the time. Sometimes.
Narrator: So, after those mixed answers, we headed out to the country, stopping at the «Halfway House Cafe» for good old-fashioned food and a chat about happiness.
Interviewer: So, I’m here with Sandy.
Sandy: Hello!
Interviewer: Are you from around here?
Sandy: Yes, I’ve lived here for 30 years.
Interviewer: Sandy, are you happy?
Sandy: Yes.
Interviewer: Well, there you have it. Are you happy?
Man 3: Absolutely.
Interviewer: Yeah?
Man 3: Absolutely. It’s a great area, great place to be.
Interviewer: Are you happy?
Girl 3: Yeah.
Interviewer: Oh, well, great.
Girl 3: Yeah, I’m happy.
Narrator: The rural people did seem happier, but was their happiness actually connected to living in the country? We asked some of the same people if they thought location affected their happiness.
Interviewer: Do you have a lot of, like, hometown pride?
Sandy: Yeah, I do. Yeah. I went to school here, my kid went to school here. Yeah. I know all these people, yeah, this is my life, this is my town.
Interviewer: Do you feel like you’d be happier in a rural environment?
Man 1: I love the country, but the city brings everything. You can go to the country, but not to live there.
Girl 3: I don’t really like going to the city at all.
Interviewer: What things make you happy, do you think?
Girl 3: I do a lot of exercise outdoors. So, I mean, it just helps me relax, and I feel like those things make me happy.
Narrator: So, it’s not really a debate between rural and city life. People that are happy are often just a match to their homes. This actually makes sense, because the Gallup Healthways Well-Being Index has «liking where you live» as one of the five main indexes for overall well-being.
Interviewer: So, if you like where you live, you could be one step closer to happiness.



There are pairs of vowels in the English language that are different in length. These vowels sound really similar, but, in fact, they are very different and they change the meaning of the word.

E.g.: sheep /ʃiːp/ and ship /ʃɪp/

Listen to the audio and choose the pairs of words where the letters in bold produce the same sound. Repeat the words after the speaker


pic3_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Match each phrase with the person who could say it

🔹Walt Disney was a pioneer of the American animation industry, who created such famous cartoon characters as Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck.

🔹Neil Armstrong was an American astronaut and the first person on the Moon.

🔹Leo Tolstoy was a Russian writer who is famous for such novels as War and Peace, Anna Karenina.

🔹V. Lenin was a soviet politician who developed the ideas of communism.

🔹Julius Caesar was one of the most famous politicians of Rome.

🔹Michelangelo was an Italian painter and sculptor, famous for his paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

Watch the video and mark the statements as True or False


Young man 1 | Dad 1 | Blonde girl | Dad 2 | Ginger girl | Young man 2 | Dad 3 | Host

Young man 1: I didn’t even know he was going to be here today.
Dad 1: I’ve never seen these two before in my life.
Blonde girl: I told my dad I was bringing him over for a Father’s Day lunch, and he ends up here in the Facts. studios!
Dad 2: Yes.
Ginger girl: I wasn’t worried at all; you were worried. And now, I’m very worried.
Young man 1: George, don’t mess this up, because we’ll call child services again…
Dad 1: Ah!
Young man 1: …and get that restraining order.
Ginger girl: Like, I know nothing about you. Who on Earth are you?
Blonde girl: Jeez, you don’t know anything about me.
Dad 2: I just… I hope she does well.
Young man 2: Who is the better son? That’s what this has turned into straight away.
Dad 1: Yeah.
Young man 2: I knew I… Smoked! I knew you were going to throw me this curved ball.
Ginger girl: Is the year important? Uhm.
Blonde girl: Come here, he probably doesn’t know himself.
Ginger girl: I know how old dad is, I just don’t know how to make that work with the year that’s currently there.
Blonde girl: Oh jeez, I don’t know the year.
Ginger girl: I already know the day is wrong even. Got the wrong day, didn’t I?
Dad 1: 16th February, 1956? Not bad!
Young man 1: The sixth to the second?
Blonde girl: 51?! You’re not 53?
Ginger girl: So close, see? See, I can do math, just a little bit off.
Blonde girl: My mum and dad’s birthdays are on the same day, so maybe that’s me ma’s birth date toward.
Dad 2: That’s your mum’s.
Blonde girl: Ouch!
Young man 1: He doesn’t celebrate birthdays.
Ginger girl: Alcoholic or not?
Host: Alcoholic.
Blonde girl: Everything in the fridge!
Young man 1: He was drinking a lot in the car. There you go. What was that? Was it… protein it was?
Young man 2: Zombie gut.
Blonde girl: Dad, you want to get one of these right now.
Dad 3: I like that, too, though.
Blonde girl: Oh, gosh! Come on, high-five! Yay!
Young man 2: Black Bush whiskey! Yes!
Young man 1: Oh, man!
Ginger girl: You could’ve just said beer, and then I wouldn’t be too far off.
Dad 1: I don’t even know what Blue WKD is.
Dad 3: By football they mean soccer, right?
Ginger girl: Yeah, yeah, yeah.
Young man 1: First of all, it changes, whoever’s winning.
Ginger girl: I know your brother’s.
Dad 3: Mmm, that’s good. Maybe we should get him in here.
Ginger girl: Yeah.
Dad 2: Yeah, well, I’m not…
Blonde girl: Could I write two?
Dad 2: No.
Young man 2: I don’t think you know the answer to this, do you?
Dad 1: I don’t think so either. Did you say Man U? I was gonna say— I didn’t know if it was Man U or Liverpool.
Young man 2: Obviously, Man United.
Young man 1: Yeah, obviously Man United, that’s why I put the arrow, John!
Dad 3: I actually wanted to be a mascot of one.
Dad 2: I actually have to change it to Liverpool, because I don’t know about you.
Blonde girl: Dad, this isn’t going to go down well.
Dad 2: I know, but…
Blonde girl: Traitor!
Young man 1: I think he was a Power Ranger. That’s what he used to tell me as a kid.
Young man 2: He was. He was doing voice-overs for TG Ceathair.
Young man 1: Oh yeah!
Ginger girl: I do know it! But I hope that you know what you told me it was.
Blonde girl: Is it ’cause… I don’t know what it was, because all of them have funny stories.
Young man 1: Well, he used to say «Janey Mac!» Yeah, he…
Young man 2: There they’ve got, oi, oi, oi, the most iconic team of Power Rangers of, like, «Yeah, let’s just have him say ‘Janey Mac!'»
Ginger girl: That’s what you told me your first job was.
Dad 3: Full-time job?
Ginger girl: Full-time job. So, I still got it, I’m still right.
Blonde girl: Jacob’s Biscuits? Shelbourne Hotel you worked in, when you were, like, nine!
Dad 1: I was a pot washer. Yeah, kitchen porter, yeah, that’s good.
Young man 2: How the hell did you know that? I didn’t know that.
Blonde girl: No, he said your first job! It’s his army deafness — he can’t hear.
Dad 2: Oh, me first job! Ah, yeah.
Dad 3: I didn’t actually do the dissecting. I had to lay them out for dissecting for the medical students.
Ginger girl: Ah, yeah, you dissected frogs. My mistake!
Young man 2: Yeah, make it rain, make it rain!
Dad 1: Come on, I have to back in the hostel in half an hour, come on!
Young man 1: Describe George in one word?
Dad 1: Yeah.
Young man 1: Father.
Ginger girl: He’s gonna be, like, «cool».
Dad 3: I am not cool.
Ginger girl: I know, yeah.
Blonde girl: So wait, has me dad to write what he thinks of himself? Tanned. He’s ridiculously, constantly tanned, even in the winter. He’s the most tanned man I’ve ever met.
Ginger girl: There are so many words. Loads of words exist.
Blonde girl: Jesus, one word isn’t enough. I got teary-eyed.
Dad 1: This is how I describe George.
Blonde girl: Great best? He said one word!
Dad 2: Great, great, I’m the best!
Blonde girl: Yeah, OK. I think my dad’s perfect.
Dad 1: Gentle?
Young man 1: He’s quite a gentle guy.
Dad 1: Son, you’ve got a little butterfly here…
Young man 1: See what I mean? What a gentle human being!
Ginger girl: I love the way «so» is in brackets. Like, in case you’re wondering.
Blonde girl: Two words. He thinks a lot of himself!
Dad 2: I think I’m great.
Young man 2: Apparently, we don’t know a whole lot about you.
Dad 1: No.
Young man 1: Wait, what’s your birthday?
Dad 1: I didn’t know a whole lot about me either.
Ginger girl: It’s your fault that I’m like this.
Dad 2: We totally did pretty well, between the two of us.
Blonde girl: Yeah.
Young man 1: Father.
Dad 1: Yes.
Young man 1: Thank you.
Dad 1: You’re welcome.
Dad 3: You won’t really understand what love is until you have your own children.
Blonde girl: The absolute best dad, and we’re all so lucky to have you, and he’s the best person to me. He’s crying! Ah.
Dad 2: I love you!
Blonde girl: We’re such an emotional family.
Dad 2: I know, I know.
Young man 1: We forgot to say. We love you, we love you!
Dad 1: Come, come, come, my children! Listen to those orphans!
Young man 2: I promised myself I wouldn’t cry.
Dad 1: How would Owen Wilson say that?
Young man 2: What? Are you kidding me?
Young man 1: Are you kidding me? That’s like an Irish spelling!
Young man 2: Come on!
Dad 1: Come on!
Young man 1: It’s like… There has to be a Homer somewhere around.


pic4_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Look at the statistics below and say what you think it shows

• Jeanna Calmet, France — 122

• Sarah Knauss, USA — 119

• Nabi Tajima, Japan — 117

• Lucy Hannah, USA — 117

• Marie-Louise Meilleur — 117

Read the instructions. Think of as many advantages of being 100 years old as you can

Instructions

1. Set the timer for 2 minutes.

2. Name the advantages with your teacher in turn.

3. The one to name the last advantage wins.

Watch the video and tick the tips given there

This episode is supported by 23andMe.

The UN estimates that by 2050, 3.2 million people will be 100 years or older, compared to only 316,000 in 2011. So, what can you do to become a part of this elite centenarian club? How can you live to 100? There are some obvious steps, like stop getting take-out. 65-year-olds who cooked at home five times a week were 45% more likely to live an extra decade. Becoming a vegetarian means you have a 12% lower risk of premature death, and if you have to keep eating meat, lay off the cold-cuts. Processed meats like sausage, bacon and cold-cuts are linked to a higher incidence of dying from cancer and heart disease. Less obviously, could you win an Oscar? Winners, on average, live four years longer than their losing peers. Even a Nobel Prize could help, as finalists end up living one to two years longer than their runner-ups.

Now, it may be time to move. The 20 counties in the U.S. with the highest life expectancies also have average altitudes of 5,967 feet above sea level. In Japan, women live to 87 on average, and men to 80, compared to the U.S. with 82 and 77-years-old, respectively. Then, like the Japanese, you should start consuming more green tea and fish. A study of 40,500 Japanese people found that those who drank five or more cups of green tea daily had the lowest risk of dying from heart disease. As well, those with a diet rich in Omega-3 from fish lived an extra 2.2 years. The World Health Organization recommends at least 150 minutes per week of exercise, potentially adding four years to your life. This could be swimming or even shopping? A Taiwanese study found that those who shop daily, even if they didn’t buy anything, lowered their risk of death by 23–28%. Also, have sex. One study found that men who had sex only once a month had a 45%-higher risk of heart disease than those who had sex two to three times a week. When it comes to sleeping, a long-term study found that men who got less than six hours a night were four times more likely to die over the 14-year period of the study.

With this in mind, it’s important to be realistic. Literally. A German study found that those who overestimate their future happiness have a higher risk of death compared to their peers, who predicted a darker future. People who identify as Hispanic live an average of 2.5 years longer than the average American. Researchers hypothesise that values of family togetherness provides a longevity boost. A Polish study found that dads of girls lived 74 weeks longer on average than fathers of sons, and, if you’re a woman, be more like Beyoncé, and hope for twins. New research has discovered that having twins can be an evolutionary adaptation, where healthy moms pass on double the genes at once; and these moms are also known to live longer. When it comes to planning your life, get married! A Danish study of gay men found that those who were married had lower mortality rates. But don’t get married to the wrong person. Another study of 1,700 married adults found that the more a couple argued, the worse their health. Don’t force retirement, as the Harvard Longevity project found that those who had satisfying careers, and continued to work into their 70s made it to older ages. And, just throw a pet in there as well! Research shows that both cat and dog owners tend to live longer than those without.

Even if you haven’t been living healthy so far, it’s never too late to start. A study found that taking on healthy habits like eating good food, exercise, meditation, and support from friends and family can increase the length of your telomeres— the caps on the ends of your chromosomes— that fray as we age. So, get started with all these tips and start prepping for the 100-year-old birthday bash.

Special thanks to 23andMe for sponsoring this video. If you’ve ever wanted to understand your own DNA, and see which regions of the world your ancestors come from, or how your DNA influences physical traits and health then check out 23andMe.com/asap. We’ve tried it ourselves and found out that Greg has a lot of Neanderthal DNA, while Mitch found out why he loves pizza so much. All you have to do is spit in a tube, and they’ll analyze your 23 pairs of chromosomes (which is where the name comes from). Again, head to 23andMe.com/asap to learn more about yourself now. You can also check out our second video, Where Do People Live the Longest, by clicking the screen or using the link in the description.


pic5_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Choose the meaning of the words in bold


Fill in the gaps with the missing words

pic6_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Discuss the questions with your teacher

1. Why do you think men on average live less than women?

2. What are the advantages of early retirement? Would you like to take early retirement? Why (not)?

3. How do you get on with your peers? How do you think relationships with your peers influence your life?

4. What do you think is the secret of longevity? Would you like to live up to 100? Why (not)?

5. What are some obvious things that can shorten your life?

6. What good habits would you like to take on to make your life better?

pic7_Demo|Pre-Int|Universal

Complete the sentences with the words from the list

Cosy or noisy

Golden age

  • How are you?
  • Ready, steady, go!
  • Country or city?
  • Setting the context
  • How well do you know your father?
  • Let's brainstorm
  • How to live to 100
  • Words to work
  • Let's discuss
  • When is your father's birthday?
  • City or village life
  • Long-liver

Урок не принадлежит курсу