EM|Pre-Int|1. Management vs. Leadership


Although Emma, Max and John have different responsibilities at work, all of them need management skills. So, what is management? Can you think of one or several definitions?

Have a look at the ideas below. In your opinion, which of them refer to management?

Tick the options that you consider right

The definition of the word «management» largely depends on the role it plays in your life. Different perspectives create different definitions, so all the options are correct.

Emma, Max and John see management differently. Let’s read the definitions they give. Whose opinion is closest to yours?

Read the definitions and decide how much you agree with each

What is your definition of management?


Think about the managers you have to work with. What are their tasks and responsibilities?

Read the introduction about 5 functions of management. Then do the tasks

At the beginning of the 20th century, management wasn’t a well-developed discipline, and managers had no proper training. But the organizations were getting more complex and were starting to require professional management.

In 1916, Henri Fayol, a French engineer and the director of a mining company, created the first principles of the management theory. He defined 5 major functions of management, and they are still relevant today. Let’s find out what actions each of the functions includes.

Generate ideas

Look at each function and complete the points with your ideas

The first line is given as an example. In the second one, the verb is there to help you generate ideas. As for the third one, you should complete it with any suitable phrase that comes to your mind.

Check and practice

an incentive — something that makes you want to do something or to work harder because you know that you will benefit by doing this

Choose and tick the correct actions for each category

What do all managers do?

Complete the sentences with the collocations from the previous exercise


Think of the people you consider to be good managers. Can you also call these people leaders?

Read the text about the differences between managers and leaders and choose the correct options

Management and leadership complement each other, but they are not the same thing as it is often believed. Managers are responsible for different tasks, and there are people who work for them. Leaders make people follow them. They actually have the same functions but focus on different things within these functions.

Leaders don’t need any managerial position to act as leaders. A person can become a leader because they have the necessary qualities. At the same time, to be a true manager, one needs to have the traits of a leader. It is right to say that all managers are leaders, but not all leaders are managers.

To be successful, businesses should have both managers and leaders. The first know how to plan, organize, coordinate and control the employees, and the second can inspire and motivate them to do their best.

Look at the lists and choose the odd action in each one. Then choose which function the actions in the list refer to

Do you consider yourself a manager or a leader? Take a test of ten questions to find out.

Choose the correct ending to each sentence to make it true about you


As we mentioned before, people become leaders because of their personal qualities. The list of leadership qualities is very long. Let’s learn what some of them are. All the qualities mentioned are indeed necessary for leaders, and you need to understand what exactly they mean.

Read the statements about leaders and choose the suitable adjective for each

  • patient — able to wait calmly for a long time or to accept difficulties
  • charismatic — having a natural power to influence and attract people
  • optimistic — expecting the best in this best of all possible worlds
  • humble — modest; not arrogant
  • flexible — able to change so as to adapt to different circumstances

Listen to Emma talking about the managers she has had and about herself as a manager. Then match the people with the qualities

When I just started my career, I had a great manager, Nick. He really cared about his team. If someone was upset, he would take his time to find the reasons and help to solve the problem. We were all pretty different in the team, but Nick could really understand everyone. I think that’s the quality you are born with.

Then I got promoted. My new boss, Sophia, became my role model. I always admired her ability to make the right decisions. It seemed so easy for her, but in fact, there was a lot of thinking and hesitation behind each step, I am sure. But she never showed it to her team.

Then Sophia started her own business and I got my third boss, Andrew. What I liked most about him was his ability to think out of the box. He always found some unusual ways to solve the problem or make our work better.

A couple of years later, I received a great job offer from another company. I hesitated a lot: I loved the job I had, but I also wanted to take on new challenges. I didn’t know how to tell Andrew about that. Barbara, who became my new boss, advised me to tell the truth. She always followed this rule with her employees. And she was right! Andrew was absolutely fine with my departure and wished me good luck.

At the new workplace, I did my best, and very soon I got promoted. Now I manage a team! I think I have changed a lot. Now I am not afraid of making decisions, I know my strengths, and I’m sure of every step I take.

Can you think of any other qualities of leaders? Add them to your dictionary.

Look at the people in the pictures. John considers himself to be a good manager. Jane is sure she is a born leader. It is reflected in the way they describe their jobs.

Read about a manager and a leader who describe their jobs. Complete the texts with the words learned in the lesson


Read the task and prepare your 2-minute speech

1. Think of a manager you know or imagine a person. Decide if this person is more of a manager or a leader.

2. Describe this person’s qualities and actions they take at work according to your choice.

3. Use some of the words and phrases from the wordlist.

4. You may use the text area for taking notes while preparing your speech.

5. If you do this task with a teacher, tell your teacher about this person, but don’t mention if they are a manager or a leader. The teacher has to guess who you are describing.

6. If you do this task alone, record your speech and say who you describe.

1. perspective

2. draw up a plan

3. predict someone’s future

4. take risks

5. command

6. grant

7. authority

8. subordinate

9. fault

10. praise

11. incentive

12. empathetic

13. confident

14. decisive

15. creative

16. honest

Allow your browser access to your microphone, press the button «Record» and record the speech you have prepared


Choose the correct statements about management and leadership

So now you can tell a manager from a leader. You know that not all the managers are leaders, but what’s more, not all the managers are good. In the next lesson you’ll learn how to understand if you work under a toxic boss and how to deal with it.

  • What is management?
  • 5 functions of management
  • Managers vs. leaders
  • Are you a leader or a manager?
  • Leadership qualities
  • Semi-controlled practice
  • Language consolidation
  • Assess your progress
  • Language consolidation
  • Assess your progress
  1. 1. EM|Pre-Int|1. Management vs. Leadership
  2. 2. EM|Pre-Int|2. Bad bosses and how to deal with them
  3. 3. EM|Pre-Int|3. Way to success
  4. 4. EM|Pre-Int|Revise and Check 1
  5. 5. EM|Pre-Int|4. Leadership style theories
  6. 6. EM|Pre-Int|5. Lewin’s theory: autocratic style vs. democratic style
  7. 7. EM|Pre-Int|6. Lewin's theory: laissez-faire style
  8. 8. EM|Pre-Int|Revise and Check 2