EM|Pre-Int|3. Way to success

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«95% of everything you do is the result of habit.» This quote is often attributed to Aristotle, although it’s not exactly clear if it was really the Greek philosopher who said it or someone else.

Look at the pictures and type the habits of successful and unsuccessful people into two columns. You can flip the cards to check your ideas


What successful people do: What unsuccessful people do:

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You are going to compare your ideas with those of an expert in motivational coaching. She is going to talk about some habits of successful people. To understand her better, look at the glossary before you start listening.

Listen to the audio and choose the ideas that the speaker mentions

commitment — a thing that one has promised or agreed to do, or that one must do


Most people want to have different things: they want to have a lot of money, a great marriage, good health. They want to have everything, but that’s not the right way of thinking. If you want to become successful in life, you have to focus on being and doing first. Wealth, health and a good marriage are the results of our behaviour. People who have great marriages build their relationship on trust and commitment. On the other hand, people who have poor health might have bad habits and an unhealthy lifestyle. Poor and rich people think and behave differently. So, before having something, you have to work on yourself and your habits. That’s a common truth. Even Aristotle said we are what we repeatedly do. Our habits also help us to maintain what we’ve got. If you are in good shape thanks to sport, you have to keep working out, otherwise, you’ll lose your shape. That’s why it’s very important to choose and develop the right habits.

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So, the coach is going to talk about 5 habits of successful people that influenced her own life as well. You are going to learn about these habits one by one. Before listening, look at all the 5 habits and think in what way they can be useful and help you succeed.

Don’t forget to pay attention to the new vocabulary before you start listening.

Look at the habits of successful people and think about how they can help to succeed. Type your ideas into the gaps


Worship your morning

Listen to the audio and complete the sentences with the correct options

  • to worship — to have or show a strong feeling of love, respect and admiration
  • a distraction — something that ​prevents someone from giving their attention to something else
  • worthwhile — useful and enjoyable, despite needing a lot of effort


Successful people worship their morning. They have a habit of waking up very early. It can really change your life because the morning hours are not the same as the evening hours. For instance, at 7 a.m. your brain is at full capacity after a night of rest, unlike 7 p.m., when you might be tired and sleepy. Moreover, during the day we have a lot of physical and emotional distractions that affect our productivity. But nobody would normally call or text you at 5 a.m., so you can concentrate on your work and do up to 80% of what you’ve planned before most people even start their working day. The 34th United States President General Dwight Eisenhower said that a man who doesn’t finish half of his day’s duties by 10 a.m. has lost the day. If you look at most successful people, they all wake up early. Apple CEO Tim Cook, for example, wakes up at 3:45 every morning. The chairman of the Virgin Group Richard Branson wakes up at about 5:45, even when staying on his private island. You see, it’s their habit, and they never break it. Besides, you can devote morning hours to workouts. That’s what former Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz does: before he gets to the office at 6 a.m., he works out, usually riding a bike with his wife. So, try to do something worthwhile before 10 a.m., and you’ll see changes in your life.

Sleep well

Listen to the audio and complete the sentences with the words you hear

The second important thing is: successful people sleep well. If you wake up early but don’t get enough sleep, you won’t be productive. Don’t believe people who claim they sleep only 4 hours a night and are still hard-working during the day. It might be true only if they have a nap during the day. Some great people actually had such a habit. Winston Churchill had a two-hour nap every day. Albert Einstein slept for 10 hours a night but also had a short nap during the day. Remember, your brain is the most valuable asset you have. So, give it enough rest.

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Let’s listen about the three remaining habits.

Listen to the audio and match the habits with how they help to succeed

  • to postpone — to change the date or time of a planned event or action to a later one
  • to sacrifice — to give up something that is valuable to you in order to achieve something or help someone


The third habit that unites successful people is that they postpone pleasures. It doesn’t mean they don’t know how to enjoy life or have a bad taste. But, as they have long-term plans, they can make sacrifices to achieve a greater goal. They can work hard starting very young. They know that nothing comes easily and are ready to postpone pleasure.

Successful people collaborate. That’s another habit that distinguishes them from others. They understand that it’s difficult to achieve something great alone: you’re limited in your time, ideas and possibilities. So, successful people always look for partners who can provide ideas and add value to the team. Collaboration helps to multiply your strengths and time. Three people working together will achieve more than six people working on their own. It’s a simple rule.

However, successful people also don’t forget to spend time alone. When you are on your own, you have an opportunity to understand yourself better, examine and analyze your life. Lots of people miss this chance because they are always in a hurry, always busy, always in some noisy places. Successful people have to be creative, and it’s hard to be creative in a noisy environment. Of course, finding some spare time to be by yourself can be challenging, but successful people have a habit of doing it. So, spend some time alone in silence.


Complete the sentences with your ideas

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Let’s now focus on a famous person and a great leader, Elon Musk, and see what lessons we can learn from him. Do you know a lot about him?

Answer the questions

an entrepreneur/ˌɑːn.trə.prəˈnɝː/ — someone who starts their own business

1. What is Elon Musk most famous for? In what companies is he CEO, founder and co-founder?

2. How would you describe him?

3. What do you think of him as a leader?

4. Have you watched any interviews with him? What do you think his leadership lessons are?


Profile

Watch the video from 0:00 till 1:00 and complete the profile with the correct options. There are some extra options

Elon Reeve Musk. Born on June 28, 1971, so almost 50 years now. Two years to go, Elon. He’s a technology entrepreneur, investor and engineer. He holds South African, Canadian, and US citizenship, and he is the founder and CEO and chief engineering designer of SpaceX, you know, this famous company that has the vision of going to Mars. He’s also the co-founder, CEO and product architect of Tesla Incorporated, the electrical car company. He is the co-founder of Neuralink and the founder of The Boring Company, co-founder and initial co-chairman of OpenAI and co-founder of PayPal. In December 2016 he was ranked 21st on the Forbes list of the world’s most powerful people. So quite an impressive person. Watch this video to learn from Elon.

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Read the task. Take notes about yourself and make a speech about your resolutions

Do you know what a resolution is? That’s actually your goal. You set a goal and promise yourself to do certain things to achieve it. Think about the habits, qualities and skills you already have, either positive or negative. Then focus on your resolutions — the habits, qualities and skills you want to have as a manager in a year. Take notes and make a speech about it.

Use some of the words and phrases from the wordlist. You may use the columns and the text area for taking notes.

Me today

Habits

My resolutions

Habits

Qualities

Qualities

Skills

Skills


1. habit

2. commitment

3. gratification

4. worship

5. cherish

6. distraction

7. worthwhile

8. postpone

9. sacrifice

10. entrepreneur

11. resolution


Allow your browser access to your microphone, press the button «Record» and record the speech you have prepared

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Choose the correct statements


You’re done with the first unit! In the next unit, you’ll learn about different leadership styles starting with the leadership theories in the next lesson. You’ll realize which theory you agree with and apply at work. And if you want to change something in your management style, you’ll have enough material to think over.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Different habits
  • To be or to possess
  • Two habits
  • Three more habits
  • Leadership secrets
  • My resolutions
  • Assess your progress