GE|Adults|Intermediate|11. Buying online


Answer the questions

1. Where do you like buying clothes? Why?

2. Do you have things that you don’t need anymore? What do you do with them?

3. What websites do you use to get rid of the things you don’t need any more? How do they work?

Look at the home page of a new website. What do you think you can sell or buy there?


Listen to a part of a radio programme about this new website. Did you guess right?

🔹jewellery [‘ʤuːəlrɪ]

🔹an engagement ring [ ɪn’geɪʤmənt ]

🔹a bargain [ ‘bɑːgɪn ]

🔹go through a break-up


Presenter Janice

Presenter: We’re talking about great new shopping websites and I think we have time for one more. Janice, can you tell us about it?
Janice: Well, it’s called ‘neverlikeditanyway.com. It’s a very clever name for a website as you’ll hear. This site was the idea of an American woman called Annabel Acton. She was living in New York with her boyfriend, who was English. He had invited her to travel to London with him at Christmas to meet his family. But five days before Christmas, they broke up. Now, unlike some of us, Annabel didn’t want to sit around crying and eating ice cream, she wanted to do something positive.
Presenter: So what gave her the idea for the website?
Janice: Well, after the break-up Annabel was left with a plane ticket to London that she didn’t need. She also had jewellery that she didn’t want any more, and she had ticKets to a concert that she didn’t want to go to without her boyfriend. She also had paintings, which they had bought together, which she didn’t want on her wall any more. She didn’t want any of these things herself, but she thought someone somewhere would probably like to buy them, and that’s what gave her the idea to set up the website.
Presenter: What exactly is it?
Janice: Well, it’s a website where people, who have just broken up with a partner, can sell presents, and other things that they don’t want any more maybe because they remind them of their ex; or maybe, as the name suggests because they never liked these things anyway! And the idea — which I think is brilliant — is that they also tell the personal story behind the thing they are selling. Annabel calls it ‘sell and tell’!
Presenter: What kind of things do people sell on the website?
Janice: Oh everything — from something as small as a teddy bear to really expensive things like an engagement ring or a holiday. To give you an idea, today on the site one seller is offering a three-day honeymoon package at a luxury hotel in New York and a woman is selling her ex-boyfriend’s car. And they’re selling all these things at very good prices. So on ‘neverlikeditanyway’ you can get a bargain, and also help someone who is going through a break-up.
Presenter: Thanks, Janice, and that’s all we’ve got time for today…

Now look at three things from the website and answer the questions




1. Would you like to buy any of them?

2. Which break-up do you think was the worst?

3. Do you have anything you would like to sell on the website?


Match the words and their definitions

What is reported speech? When do we need to use it?

pic1|GE|Adults|Int|L11

Look at the sentences from the website. Try to rewrite them using the actual words that the people used when they said these things


Read the rules and the examples

Reported Speech (statements and questions)

Intermediate

Do you like telling stories? You’ll need these rules then


Examples

Once Sam asked me where it snowed much and if I could show snow to him. He told me that he had never seen snow. He said there was no snow in his area and added that he was dreaming of seeing it. So, I told him that I could take him to the skiing resort. He got excited and said that he would buy a winter jacket and gloves for the first time.

Timeline

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Forms

Positive sentences

📌 Tenses

Present Simple/Continuous ➝ Past Simple/Continuous

Past Simple ➝ Past Simple/Perfect

Present Perfect ➝ Past Perfect

Future Simple ➝ would

📌 Modal verbs

can ➝ could

may/might ➝ might

have to/must ➝ had to

should ➝ should

📌 Time

now ➝ then/at that time

today ➝ that day

tonight ➝ that night

yesterday ➝ the day before

2 days ago ➝ 2 days before

last week ➝ the week before

tomorrow ➝ the next day/the following day

in a week ➝ a week later

next year ➝ the following year

📌 Others

here ➝ there

this ➝ that

these ➝ those


Yes / No questions Wh- questions
  • Use «if/whether» + the direct word order.
  • Change the tense.
  • Change places and time words if necessary.

He asked «Do you watch the news?» ➝ He asked if I watched the news.

Susan asked «Were you at home yesterday?» ➝ Susan asked whether I had been at home the day before.

  • Keep the question word + the direct word order.
  • Change the tense.
  • Change places and time words if necessary.

The teacher asked «When did the Great War end?» ➝ The teacher asked when the Great War (had) ended.

I asked «How has Twitter got so popular here?» ➝ I asked how Twitter had got so popular there.


Usage

  • Take a step back in the verb form in reported speech.

«It snows a lot in my country.» (present simple) ➝ He said it snowed a lot in his country. (past simple)

«I have never ridden a horse.» (present perfect) ➝ She said she had never ridden a horse. (past perfect)

  • Don’t use do/does/did when reporting questions.

«Where do you live?» ➝ She asked where I lived. (NOT She asked where do I live.)

«Did they wear these clothes?» ➝ He asked if they wore (had worn) those clothes. (NOT He asked did they wear those clothes.)

  • Use the verbs ask/tell/say in reported speech:

ask somebody if/whether

My boss asked me if I needed any help.

We asked the guide whether he knew the city well.

ask who/where/why

They asked him why he had missed the flight.

Rodger asked where he could buy souvenirs.

tell somebody(!) that (NOT tell that)

So I told him that I could take him to the skiing resort.

The babysitter told me that my kid had made a sandcastle.

say that (without a personal object)

My friend said that she wasn’t coming to the party.

They said that the manager wasn’t in the office yet.


The verb tenses can either change or remain the same in reported speech:

1. when reporting someone’s words a short time after they were said (up-to-date reporting).

direct speech: George: I’m meeting Karen tomorrow.

reported speech: George said he is meeting Karen tomorrow. (reported on the same day, tomorrow still refers to tomorrow)

2. when reporting a general truth or law of nature.

direct speech: ‘The sun sets in the west,’ the teacher said.

reported speech: The teacher said (that) the sun sets/set in the west.

telephone conversation

Complete the sentences using reported speech

Example: The hotel is full.

The receptionist told me the hotel was full.

Speaking_1

Answer your teacher’s questions. Can you report the questions?

Example: You asked me what my favourite film was.

Teacher’s direct questions Student’s reported questions
  1. What’s your favourite TV programme?
  2. What kind of computer do you have?
  3. Have you ever changed a wheel on a car?
  4. Are you an optimist or a pessimist?
  5. Where will you be at 8 o’clock tomorrow morning?
  6. How often do you wear a hat?
  7. How long have you been learning English?
  8. What time did you wake up this morning?
  9. How much water do you drink a day?
  10. Have you ever worked in a bar or restaurant?
  11. Are you going out tonight?
  12. What’s your favourite fruit?
  13. Do you support a football team?
  14. Are you afraid of any animals or insects?
  1. You asked me what my favourite TV programme was.
  2. You asked me what kind of computer I had.
  3. You asked me if I had ever changed a wheel on a car.
  4. You asked me if I was an optimist or a pessimist.
  5. You asked me where I would be at 8 o’clock next morning.
  6. You asked me how often I wore a hat.
  7. You asked me how long I had been learning English.
  8. You asked me what time I had woken up this morning.(today — (not that day) = because the speech is made & reported on the same day))
  9. You asked me how much water I drank a day.
  10. You asked me if I had ever worked in a bar or restaurant.
  11. You asked me if I was going out that night.
  12. You asked me what my favourite fruit was.
  13. You asked me if I supported a football team.
  14. You asked me if I was afraid of any animals or insects.

Listen to these statements and contradict your teacher

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Read the journalist’s interview


Journalist Dr Makele

J: Dr. Makele, you said recently in New York that big changes are necessary if we want to avoid a global catastrophe. What changes were you thinking of?

D: Well, firstly, we cannot continue to use up the world’s natural resources at the present rate. Secondly, the richer countries will have to allow developing countries to export more. And thirdly, we are going to have to devote more resources to fighting diseases such as AIDS.

J: And how can this be done, Dr. Makele?

D: Well, I‘ve just come from a top-level meeting in Mexico City and there we agreed on a series of proposals to take to next month’s G8 meeting in Berlin. I hope the richer nations will agree to help eliminate poverty in the next 20 years. At the same time, we must promote responsible government in the developing world.


Complete his report with the verbs in bold using the correct tense

Choose the correct answer

pic1_Adults|Grammar|Pre-Int|L12

Change the direct speech into reported sentences and questions

clothes shop

Listen and mark the sentences as True or False

Near my house there are a lot of small Indian shops selling vegetables and spices. I love walking around them, looking at everything. I suppose my favourite shops are delicatessens. I just love food. I don’t think I really have favourite shops for buying clothes, shoes, and books. For presents, it obviously depends what I am buying and who it’s for. I don’t have one favourite shop. I regularly shop at markets, supermarkets, and shopping centres. I like variety, it makes shopping more interesting. I go shopping when I need to and I generally go on my own as it’s easier. I enjoy buying books and I absolutely hate buying swimsuits. Shopping in the sales is a nightmare as everything is in a mess and there are thousands of people. I hate it. I go to street markets sometimes — you can often find bargains there. I have done quite a lot of shopping online. It is so easy. I have bought flight tickets, films, and books.

Fill in the gaps with the correct pronoun or possessive adjective

Read the task and prepare your 2-minute speech on the topic «Reported speech»

pic8_Spoken|Pre-Int|L8

Report the dialogue between these two persons:

Journalist Mike

J: Firstly, Mike, thank you very much for agreeing to this interview. I know you’re a busy man. You have the leading role in the latest Kathryn Bigelow film. Do you like working with her?

M: I like it very much! However, I have to say that it wasn’t easy at first, because filming started at 7.00 a.m. every day last week. I’m not a person who likes early starts!

J: Yes, I had heard that! What did you enjoy most about working with her?

M: I loved the way that she could get all the actors, including me, to do exactly what she wanted us to do.

J: Are you going to be in any more of her films next year?

M: I hope I will be. I’m really sorry, but we must stop the interview now as I have a photo shoot at Vogue magazine.


Allow your browser access to your microphone, press the button «Record» and record the speech you have prepared

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Never liked it
  • Would you buy it?
  • Reported speech
  • He said that...
  • Who asked what?
  • Contradictions
  • The journalist's report
  • She said she would...
  • Report what they say!
  • My shopping habits
  • Pronouns transformation
  • Reported speech