GE|Adults|Upper-Int|23. Behind the words
Do you remember what these words mean and where they come from?
Read about the origin of ten English words
Now complete the text with the words below. Did you guess any of them?
Try to remember the origin of each word
You’re going to listen to a dictionary expert talking on the radio about the origin of the words above
1. Which word’s origin is related to a legend?
2. Which word changed its form because the original word was hard for the English to say?
3. Which word originated from the way the English pronounced a foreign word?
Look at the words in the list. Then match the bold prefixes with their meanings
One way of making new words is by adding a prefix at the beginning of a word,
e.g.over-, under-, mis-, etc.
These prefixes change the meaning of a word. They are usually used without a hyphen(-), but sometimes need one.
Unlike suffixes (which aren’t stressed), prefixes are often stressed, so a word with a prefix may have two stressed syllables, the main stress on the base word and secondary stress on the prefix,
Listen and repeat. Pay attention to the stress
Which prefix(es) could you add to the words in the list to describe…?
Answer the questions. Give more information
- Are there any professions which you think are overpaid?
- How often do you take antibiotics?
- Do you like reading autobiographies?
- Do you know any ex-smokers?
- Do you know any people who are bilingual?
- Are there any English words you sometimes mispronounce?
- Who do you think are better at multitasking, men or women?
- How often do you buy pre-cooked meals?
- When was the last time you redecorated your room or flat?
Complete the phrasal verbs with the correct form of the verb
Use a prefix from list A and a word from list В to complete the sentences
Complete the sentences with the correct forms of the words in the boxes
Complete the sentences with the correct form of a verb
Listen to a radio programme and write down two advantages the speaker mentions of Esperanto compared to other languages
Listen again and complete the notes. You sometimes have to write more than one word.
Read the article and complete it with sentences numbered 1-6. Look at the words and phrases in bold. Use your dictionary to look up their meaning and pronunciation
- For most of us the idea of having the weaknesses of our speech exposed is scary.
- I talk for two minutes on four topics: a happy memory, a sad memory, something that makes me angry, and a neutral work-related topic.
- The idea is that when you are tempted to say «um» you simply remain quiet.
- Mr Grant receives a report on the results and, armed with that information, he and his colleagues coach me to use my voice more effectively.
- On the other hand I do not vary my pitch much, which means I have a monotonous voice.
- Voice coaching, once only for actors, is now commonly used by politicians and business people.
Match the definitions with the words in bold
Read the instructions
Read the 🔗article about word origin stories.
Choose 3-5 words from the list of loanwords:
Find information on the Internet where these words come from. Mention the following:
- the place of origin and time of entering the English language;
- its meaning;
- the story behind the word (either true or fake).
Write about the origin of 3-5 loanwords you have chosen. Follow the instructions and use words from the list
- The story behind the words
- What are the words?
- Let's remember
- A dictionary expert
- Prefixes and word stress
- Which prefix?
- Phrasal verbs
- Phrasal verbs in context
- Loud and clear
- The story behind the words
- 1. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|1. The power of music
- 2. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|2. What's your soundtrack?
- 3. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|3. Are you sleep deprived?
- 4. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|4. Sleepwalkers
- 5. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|5. The media
- 6. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|6. Being a journalist
- 7. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|7. Practical English 1
- 8. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|Revise and check 1
- 9. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|8. One small word
- 10. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|9. Presentation disaster
- 11. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|10. Towns and cities
- 12. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|11. Just a minute
- 13. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|12. Help me, I'm a tourist
- 14. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|13. Creative thinking
- 15. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|14. Suffering for science
- 16. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|15. Practical English 2
- 17. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|Revise and check 2
- 18. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|16. Things that really annoy us
- 19. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|17. Regrets, I've had a few
- 20. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|18. I wish...
- 21. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|19. Honest workers or thieves?
- 22. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|20. Business and advertising
- 23. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|21. Advertising tricks
- 24. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|22. The meaning of Tingo
- 25. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|23. Behind the words
- 26. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|24. Practical English 3
- 27. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|Revise and Check 3