GE|Adults|Upper-Int|3. Are you sleep deprived?
Answer the questions
1. Do you have any problems sleeping?
2. If you can’t fall asleep, do you… ?
b) make yourself a drink
c) take sleeping tablets
d) watch TV
3. Do you think you sleep enough?
Choose the answer that describes you best
Are you sleep deprived?
Match the halves of the sentences
Read the rules and examples
Used to, Be used to, Get used to
Jake used to smoke a lot, but he gave it up a few years ago. It was hard for him to get used to not smoking, but he is happy now.
Rachel used to have short hair when she was a child. Now she’s an adult and she grew her hair very long. It was hard at first to get used to washing her hair every day. She used to just let her hair dry on its own, but now she‘s used to drying and brushing it for hours. She also had to get used to using lots of special hair masks and conditioners. Now she‘s used to her new hair and she has got used to spending a lot of money every month on all the hair products. She used to have the same hairstyle all the time, but now she‘s used to changing her style every day.
Used to + infinitive
When I was younger I used to practice swimming every day.
May didn’t use to worry about rent before she started living alone.
Did you use to do any sports when you were at school?
Be/get used to + V-ing/noun
I’m used to long commutes to the office.
Sally might never get used to living in a hot country.
Are you used to speaking English by now?
- We use used to to talk about past habits and states (especially distant past), usually to show contrast with the present
My parents used to be very reckless before I was born.
This town didn’t use to have an airport 10 years ago.
! For actions we can also use would
When I was 5, my grandmother would take me to the park every day. = When I was 5, my grandmother used to take me to the park every day.
- We use be used to to describe a state of being familiar with something.
At first I didn’t enjoy having a brother but now I’m used to it.
Andy lives in a big city, so he is used to hearing lots of noises at nights.
- We use get used to to describe the process of becoming familiar with something.
We really can’t get used to living in a village.
Ever since I changed my job, it has been hard to get used to my new schedule.
I’m use to get up early every morning.
✔️ I’m used to getting up early every morning.
I’m sure William will used to his new apartment.
✔️ I’m sure William will get used to his new apartment.
Mark the sentences as Right or Wrong. Correct the wrong highlighted phrases
Example: She isn’t used to have a big dinner in the evening.
🔹Wrong ⇒ isn’t used to having
Complete with used to, be used to, or get used to and the verbs in boxes
✔️ He’s Spanish so he’s (drive) used to driving on the right.
Listen and write down six sentences. Practise saying the sentences quickly, trying to link the words.
Answer the questions
- When you were a child did you use to be frightened of the dark?
- Did you use to share a room with a brother or sister?
- Do you find it difficult to sleep when you’re in a bed that you’re not used to, for example, in a hotel?
- Do you think you could get used to working at night and sleeping during the day?
- What do you usually do as soon as you wake up in the morning?
- What’s the last thing you usually do before going to bed?
Read and listen to the text
Sleepy people — the dangers of sleep deprivation
Do this test tonight when you go to bed. Put a plate on the floor next to your bed. Lie down with one hand hanging over the bed holding a spoon above the plate. When you fall asleep, the spoon will fall on the plate and should wake you up. If you don’t wake up until the next day, it probably means you are «sleep deprived».
We live in a world of tired, sleep deprived people. «This is the theory of behavioural biologist Paul Martin. In his book Counting Sheep, he describes a society which is just too busy to sleep and which does not give sleeping the importance it deserves. We all know the importance of having a healthy diet and doing exercise, but we don’t worry enough about sleeping the hours we need. Paul Martin says: «We might live longer and happier lives if we took our beds as seriously as our running shoes.»
Answer the questions
1. What exactly is the test and what does it show?
2. Who is Paul Martin?
3. What is his book called?
4. What is his theory?
5. What does the last sentence mean?
Listen and read the text
So much to do, so little time
Modern society has invented reasons not to sleep. We are a 24/7 society where shops and services must be available all hours. We spend longer at work than we used to, and more time getting to work. Mobile phones and emails allow us to stay in touch round the clock and late-night TV and the Internet tempt us away from our beds. When we need more time for work or pleasure, the easy solution is to sleep less. The average adult sleeps only 6.2 hours a night during the week, whereas research shows that most people need eight or even eight and a half hours’ sleep to feel at their best. Nowadays many people have got used to sleeping less than they need and they live in an almost permanent state of «sleep debt», owing their bodies perhaps 25–30 hours of sleep.
Going against nature
Until the invention of electric light in 1879 our daily cycle of sleep used to depend on the hours of daylight. People would get up with the sun and go to bed at nightfall. But nowadays our hours of sleep are mainly determined by our working hours (or our social life) and most people are woken up artificially by an alarm clock. During the day caffeine, the world’s most popular drug, helps to keep us awake. 75% of the world’s population habitually consume caffeine which, up to a point, masks the symptoms of sleep deprivation.
Answer the questions
- How did the invention of electric light change our sleep habits?
- How much does the average person sleep? Does it vary according to profession?
- What is our «sleep debt»?
- What is the world’s most popular drug?
- Do people sleep more or less than they used to? Why?
- How much sleep does the average person need?
Listen and read the text
What does a chronic lack of sleep do to us? As well as making us irritable and unhappy as people it also reduces our motivation and ability to work. This has serious implications for society in general. Doctors, for example, are often chronically sleep deprived, especially when they are on «night call» and may get less than three hours’ sleep. Lack of sleep can seriously impair their mood, judgement, and ability to take decisions. Our politicians are often «jet lagged» after crossing time zones. World summit meetings called to deal with a crisis often result in decisions being taken after marathon sessions when everyone is severely sleep deprived. Human error caused by tiredness contributed to the worst nuclear accident in history at Chernobyl in 1986. Tired engineers, in the early hours of the morning, made a series of mistakes with catastrophic results. On our roads and motorways lack of sleep kills thousands of people every year. Tests show that a tired driver can be just as dangerous as a drunk driver. However, driving when drunk is against the law but driving when exhausted isn’t. As Paul Martin says, it is very ironic that we admire people who function on very little sleep instead of criticizing them for being irresponsible. Our world would be a much safer, happier place if everyone, whatever their job, slept eight hours a night.
- Give sleep a high priority in your life.
- Listen to your body. If you feel tired, you probably need more sleep.
- Pay off your «sleep debt» by going to bed half an hour earlier for a few weeks.
- Have a regular routine — try to go to bed at roughly the same time every day.
- Take a nap during the day (ideally after lunch). Research has shown that short naps are very effective in restoring our energy levels and mood.
- Make sure your bedroom isn’t too hot.
- Don’t use your bedroom as an office or for watching TV.
Discuss these questions
1. Do you agree with Paul Martin that we live in a sleep deprived society?
2. Do you think it’s wrong that doctors who are on «night call» sleep so little?
3. Do you think it should be illegal to drive when you are too tired?
4. What do you think are the best three Sleep tips?
Build questions and answer them
Example: Do you think you could get used to always working at night?
- (always work) at night?
- (behave) well at primary school?
- (hate) any particular food when you were a child?
- (have) a favourite toy?
- (have) a siesta after lunch?
- (have) breakfast in the mornings?
- (live) in the UK or the USA?
- (remember) your classmates birthdays?
- (not eat) any sweet things?
- (prefer) playing indoors or outdoors when you were a child?
- (read) a daily newspaper or news website?
- (live) without your mobile phone?
Choose the correct answer
Rewrite the sentences using a form of get used to, used to, or be used to
Read the article and answer the questions. Complete it with the missing sentences. Look at the highlighted words and phrases. Use your dictionary to look up their meaning and pronunciation.
- What was the object of the reality show?
- Why were there complaints about the show?
- Every time one of them fell asleep, the jackpot went down.
- The first of these was a relaxing massage in the early hours of the morning.
- The TV company insists that the contestants’ welfare was carefully considered throughout the programme.
- On the third day one of the participants requested to leave the contest voluntarily.
- The last one to fall asleep would claim the £97,000 prize.
Match the highlighted words and phrases with the correct definition
Example: Experiences of hearing or seeing things that aren’t really there — hallucinations.
Listen to a radio programme about how diet affects sleep and choose the best answer. The dietician gives advice about…in order to sleep well.
Listen again and complete the notes
Try to remember the words
Match the words to complete the collocations
Complete the sentences with one of the words or phrases from the previous step. Change grammar form if it’s necessary.
Read the instructions
Think over the questions:
- Do you think sleeping patterns changed over the years? How?
- Are there a lot of sleep-deprived people now?
- Do you ever think sleep wastes valuable time spent doing useful things?
- What are you like if you don’t get enough sleep?
- What are some key things people should do in order to get a good night’s sleep? Give some tips.
Answer the questions in writing. Use words from the list
- Read the topic and the questions carefully.
- Plan what you are going to write about.
- Write the text according to your plan.
- Check your writing before sending it for evaluation.
- Learn the rules and see the sample here.
- Please use Grammarly to avoid spelling and some grammar mistakes.
- Are you sleep deprived?
- Practice 1
- Practice 2
- Linking words
- The dangers of sleep deprivation
- Going against nature
- Sleep tips
- Express your opinion
- Did you use to...?
- Grammar challenge
- What will they think of next?
- Diet affects sleep
- More words to learn
- Expand your vocabulary
- Are you sleep deprived?
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