GE|Adults|Upper-Int|5. The media
Choose a suitable option and answer the questions
Read the story. What do you think of Mr Ivanov?
Man Leaves Wife at Petrol Station
A Macedonian man drove six hours across Italy at the start of his holiday before he noticed that he had forgotten something — his wife. Ljubomir Ivanov left her at a petrol station when he stopped to fill up with petrol, and didn’t realize his mistake until he got a call from the police on his mobile phone.
«Are you Ljubomir Ivanov?» they asked.
«Yes, I am,» he said. «What’s the matter?»
«Where are you?»
«I’m in Germany.»
«Well, your wife is waiting for you at a petrol station near Pesaro in central Italy.»
«I was very tired and not thinking,» Ivanov told reporters later. «She usually sits in the back seat so I didn’t notice that she wasn’t there.»
Mr Ivanov immediately drove back to Pesaro to pick up his wife so that they could continue their holiday. «I’ll have to apologize a lot when I see her,» he said.
Re-read the conversation between the policeman and Ivanov. Then complete the sentences in reported speech.
Check what you know. Revise the rules
My friend told me he had always wanted to ride a horse. He asked me if I knew any places where he could do that.
My friends asked me if I was busy on Saturday. They said they were planning to have a party. They told me they had wanted to invite me if I wasn’t too busy. I told them I had to do some chores in the morning, but the rest of my day was free. I asked them what time the party was going to be, and they said they would call me when they decided on the time.
|Direct speech||Reported speech||Example|
|Present Simple||Past Simple||«I want coffee,» said Alice. ➝ Alice said she wanted coffee.|
|Present Continuous||Past Continuous||«We are working«, they said. ➝ They said they were working.|
|Present Perfect Simple||Past Perfect Simple||«I‘ve bought a present for Peter», said Amy. ➝ Amy said she had bought a present for Peter.|
|Present Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||«I‘ve been cleaning all day», said Mrs Smith. ➝ Mrs Smith said she had been cleaning all day.|
|Past Simple||Past Perfect Simple||«I called you yesterday», Tom said. ➝ Toms said he had called me the day before.|
|Past Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous||«I was sleeping while my sister was working«, said Anna. ➝ Anna said she had been sleeping while her sister had been working.|
|Past Perfect Simple||Past Perfect Simple (no change)||«I had never seen a zebra before my trip to Africa», Max told us. ➝ Max told us he had never seen a zebra before his trip to Africa.|
|Past Perfect Continuous||Past Perfect Continuous (no change)||«I had been travelling for 14 hours when I finally arrived at the hotel», my brother told me. ➝ My brother told me he had been travelling for 14 hours before he had finally arrived at the hotel.|
|Be going to||Was / were going to||«I‘m going to bake a pie», my mother said. ➝ My mother said she was going to bake a pie.|
|Will||Would||«I will take an IT course», Alice told Max. ➝ Alice told Max that she would take an IT course.|
|Can||Could||«We can meet on Friday», my friends told me. ➝ My friends told me we could meet on Friday.|
|Must/Have to||Had to||«You must/have to revise for the exam», Alice said. ➝ Alice told me I had to revise for the exam.|
|Imperative||Infinitive||«Clean your room! Don’t eat the cake!» my mother told me. ➝ My mother told me to clean my room and not to eat the cake.|
! We do not need to make any changes to the verb tense if we are reporting a scientific fact or something that is still true or relevant.
«Not all birds can fly», our teacher told us. ➝ Our teacher told us that not all birds can fly. (scientific fact)
«I like my job», Alex said. ➝ Alex said that he likes his job. (Information is still relevant)
Time and place word changes
|Direct speech||Reported speech|
|Now / at the moment||Then / at the moment|
|Tomorrow||The next / following day|
|Next week / month / year||The following week / month / year|
|Yesterday||The day before/the previous day|
|Last week / month / year||The previous week/month/year / The week/month/year before|
|Ago||Before / previously|
! We do not need to make any changes if the information is still relevant.
«I will finish the report today«, Luke said. ➝ Luke said he will finish the report today.
(I’m saying it on the same day, so the information is still relevant.)
|Direct speech||Reported speech||Example|
|Yes / no questions||If / whether + direct word order||«Do you know Mike?» asked Alice. ➝ Alice asked if/whether I knew Mike.|
|Open questions||Question word + direct word order||«Where is the salt?» my mother asked. ➝ My mother asked where the salt was.|
➢ We use Reported Speech to say what someone else said.
Jason said he wanted to try some new things.
We told him he could come with us.
➢ We use Reported Questions to say what someone else asked.
My brother asked me if he could borrow my computer for a bit.
I asked my teacher when the next lesson was going to be.
➢ Say or Tell?
Tell requires an object, say doesn’t.
He said he liked pizza. = He told us he liked pizza.
! We can use say + to to add an object.
He said to us that he liked pizza.
|✔️ My friend told mesaid to me she was ill.
✔️ I asked when the concert started.
Read four more news stories. Three of them are true but one has been invented. Which do you think is the invented one?
Read the stories again and match the sentence halves. Then name the reporting verbs in the sentences and comment on their meaning
Read the rules
Mary claimed that a butterfly had sat on her hand. Her mother suggested taking a photo of the moment.
Christine promised to wash the dishes. Her mother ordered her brother Max to help her. Max refused to do that and explained that he was too busy. After a short argument, he agreed to help Christine after all.
We couldn’t understand the rule, so the teacher suggested doing some practice. He explained the difficult moments to us and encouraged us to make our own sentences.
Different reporting verbs take different grammatical patterns. Some verbs can take more than one pattern.
We can use Reporting Verbs to better convey the general idea of the message without repeating the exact words.
«I’m sorry for doubting you,» Anna said. ➝ Anna apologised for doubting me.
«You should see a doctor,» Luke said to Jeremy. ➝ Luke advised Jeremy to see a doctor.
We encouraged Harry starting his own company.
✔️ We encouraged Harry to start his own company.
Complete with the gerund or infinitive of the verb in boxes
Complete using a reporting verb from the list and the verb
offer, remind, refuse, suggest, threaten
Read the information. Correct the sentences
news noun [u].
- new information about anything, information previously unknown
- reports of recent happenings, especially those broadcast, printed in the newspaper, etc.
- the news a regular television or radio broadcast of the latest news
Match the words and definitions
Write the correct words under the pictures
weather forecast / front page / small ads / advertisement / cressword / cartoon / horoscope / review
Match the sentences. Then look at the way the bold adjectives are used in context and guess their meaning
Match the highlighted «headline phrases» with their meaning
Discuss the following questions
Re-write the sentences in reported speech
Report the direct speech using the reporting verb in the boxes
Complete the sentences with the jobs in the media
Read the article and complete it with the missing headings
Find the words or phrases in the text to match definitions 1-9
Listen to an extract from a programme about a famous mistake on TV. Answer the questions
Try to remember the words
Сomplete the words, using the letters
Match the phrases to complete collocations
- Mr Ivanov
- Reported speech
- More stories
- Reporting verbs
- Exercises 1
- Exercises 2
- The media
- Sections of a media
- Adjectives and Headlines
- The media and you
- Reported speech
- Reporting verbs
- The best job
- TV mistake
- Expand your vocabulary
- 1. GE|Upper-Int|Introductory travelling
- 2. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|1. The power of music
- 3. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|2. What's your soundtrack?
- 4. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|3. Are you sleep deprived?
- 5. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|4. Sleepwalkers
- 6. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|5. The media
- 7. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|6. Being a journalist
- 8. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|7. Practical English 1
- 9. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|Revise and check 1
- 10. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|8. One small word
- 11. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|9. Presentation disaster
- 12. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|10. Towns and cities
- 13. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|11. Just a minute
- 14. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|12. Help me, I'm a tourist
- 15. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|13. Creative thinking
- 16. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|14. Suffering for science
- 17. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|15. Practical English 2
- 18. GE|Adults|Upper-Int|Revise and check 2