Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional


First Conditional

Pre-Intermediate

If I take the short road, I will get there quicker. But it will be less dangerous if I take the long road.

Examples

If I take the bus to the cinema, I will be late. If I’m late, Alice will get angry. And if Alice gets angry, the evening will be ruined! I’ll get a taxi.

Forms

If-part

(Condition)

Main part

(Result)

If + subject + present tense, subject + future simple

If I have time, I will help you.

If Mark eats more healthy food, he will lose some weight.

! You can use be going to/might/may/can/etc. instead of will

If you don’t hurry, we’re going to miss the plane.

If you ask Jane, she can help you.

If we call a taxi, we might get there sooner.

! The order of the parts does not matter. But if we put the condition first, we separate it with a comma.

If the weather is nice, we’ll go to the beach. = We’ll go to the beach if the weather is nice.

Usage

🔹Use it to talk about possible situations in the future.

If I get this job, I will be very happy.

If it rains tomorrow, Jack will take a taxi to work.

I will be very angry if Steven doesn’t call me.

🔹If or When?

If I go shopping, I will buy you a new pen. (I’m not sure I’ll go shopping) = Condition

When I go shopping, I will buy you a new pen. (I will definitely go shopping) = Time when it will happen

🔹You can use Imperative in the main part to give orders and instructions.

Call me if you need anything.

If you see a bag on the street, don’t touch it!

Rewrite the sentences and use the first conditional. Keep the same meaning

Complete the sentences with the verbs in brackets

  • Lesson
  • Homework
  1. 1. Grammar video|Pre-Int|1. May or Might
  2. 2. Grammar video|Pre-Int|2. Modal Verbs (Have to, Don't have to, Must, Mustn't)
  3. 3. Grammar video|Pre-Int|3. Should, shouldn't
  4. 4. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|4. Questions With and Without Auxiliaries
  5. 5. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|5. Word Order in Questions
  6. 6. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|6. Conjunctions
  7. 7. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|7. Relative Clauses
  8. 8. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|8. Reported Speech
  9. 9. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|9. Expressing Movements
  10. 10. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|10. Passive voice
  11. 11. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|11. Phrasal Verbs
  12. 12. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|12. So Neither + Auxiliary
  13. 13. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|13. Used to
  14. 14. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|14. Uses of the infinitive
  15. 15. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|15. Verb + ing
  16. 16. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|16. Present Simple
  17. 17. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|17. Past Simple
  18. 18. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|18. Present Continuous
  19. 19. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|19. Past Continuous
  20. 20. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
  21. 21. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|21. Be going to
  22. 22. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|22. Will
  23. 23. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|23. Present Continuous for Future
  24. 24. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|24. Quantifiers
  25. 25. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|25. Something, anything, nothing, etc.
  26. 26. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|26. Comparatives
  27. 27. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|27. Superlatives
  28. 28. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional
  29. 29. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional
  30. 30. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple