Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional


Second Conditional

Pre-Intermediate

If you could travel to any time in history, where would you go?

pic1_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L29

Examples

Dan wants a new laptop to play video games, but he doesn’t have much money. If he had more money, he would buy a new laptop. He would have more money if he worked harder. But if he worked harder, he wouldn’t have time to play video games. And if he didn’t play video games, he wouldn’t need a new laptop.

Forms

If-part

(Condition)

Main part

(Result)

If + subject + Past Simple, subject + would + infinitive

If I had a million dollars, I would give it all to charity.

If Andy wasn’t so busy, he would spend more time travelling.

! You can use might/could instead of would.

If you weren’t busy, we could watch a film.

If you told Jane about your problem, she might be able to help you.

! The order of the parts does not matter. But if the condition goes first, we separate it with a comma.

If I had time today, I would go to the museum. = I would go to the museum if I had the time today.

Usage

🔹Use it to talk about unlikely or imaginary situations in the present or the future.

If John didn’t have three children, he wouldn’t be so tired all the time.

If Sally worked harder, she would become a Managing Director.

🔹Use «If I were you» to give advice.

If I were you, I would try to get along with your boss.

I wouldn’t eat that If I were you.

Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences with the second conditional forms

There is one mistake in each sentence. Find it and correct it. Keep the short or long forms

  • Lesson
  • Homework
  1. 1. Grammar video|Pre-Int|1. May or Might
  2. 2. Grammar video|Pre-Int|2. Modal Verbs (Have to, Don't have to, Must, Mustn't)
  3. 3. Grammar video|Pre-Int|3. Should, shouldn't
  4. 4. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|4. Questions With and Without Auxiliaries
  5. 5. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|5. Word Order in Questions
  6. 6. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|6. Conjunctions
  7. 7. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|7. Relative Clauses
  8. 8. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|8. Reported Speech
  9. 9. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|9. Expressing Movements
  10. 10. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|10. Passive voice
  11. 11. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|11. Phrasal Verbs
  12. 12. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|12. So Neither + Auxiliary
  13. 13. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|13. Used to
  14. 14. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|14. Uses of the infinitive
  15. 15. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|15. Verb + ing
  16. 16. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|16. Present Simple
  17. 17. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|17. Past Simple
  18. 18. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|18. Present Continuous
  19. 19. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|19. Past Continuous
  20. 20. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
  21. 21. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|21. Be going to
  22. 22. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|22. Will
  23. 23. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|23. Present Continuous for Future
  24. 24. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|24. Quantifiers
  25. 25. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|25. Something, anything, nothing, etc.
  26. 26. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|26. Comparatives
  27. 27. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|27. Superlatives
  28. 28. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional
  29. 29. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional
  30. 30. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple