Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple


Past Perfect

Pre-Intermediate

When we came home from the holidays, we discovered that someone had broken into our house!

pic1_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L30

Examples

I washed the floor when the painter had left.

Jane went to lunch after she had finished her work.

Irene had never tasted sushi before her trip to Japan.

Timeline

pic2_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L30

Forms

+ Subject + had + V3 (Ved)

When we arrived at the cinema, the film had already started.

— Subject + hadn’t + V3 (Ved)

I hadn’t seen a live elephant before our trip to Africa.

? Had + subject + V3 (Ved)

Had you checked your bag before you left home?

Usage

🔹Use Past Perfect for past situations that happened before another time in the past.

I found some of Terry’s things even after he had moved out.

🔹Use Past Perfect for states that continued up to a certain moment in the past.

I had never heard of country music before Mike played it for me.

Sue looked terrible. She hadn’t washed or brushed her hair for weeks!

Join the sentences with expressions in brackets

Mark is telling his sister Eve about his friend’s garden party. Use the words from the box to complete their conversation

pic3_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L30

  • Lesson
  • Homework
  1. 1. Grammar video|Pre-Int|1. May or Might
  2. 2. Grammar video|Pre-Int|2. Modal Verbs (Have to, Don't have to, Must, Mustn't)
  3. 3. Grammar video|Pre-Int|3. Should, shouldn't
  4. 4. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|4. Questions With and Without Auxiliaries
  5. 5. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|5. Word Order in Questions
  6. 6. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|6. Conjunctions
  7. 7. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|7. Relative Clauses
  8. 8. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|8. Reported Speech
  9. 9. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|9. Expressing Movements
  10. 10. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|10. Passive voice
  11. 11. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|11. Phrasal Verbs
  12. 12. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|12. So Neither + Auxiliary
  13. 13. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|13. Used to
  14. 14. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|14. Uses of the infinitive
  15. 15. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|15. Verb + ing
  16. 16. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|16. Present Simple
  17. 17. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|17. Past Simple
  18. 18. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|18. Present Continuous
  19. 19. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|19. Past Continuous
  20. 20. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
  21. 21. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|21. Be going to
  22. 22. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|22. Will
  23. 23. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|23. Present Continuous for Future
  24. 24. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|24. Quantifiers
  25. 25. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|25. Something, anything, nothing, etc.
  26. 26. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|26. Comparatives
  27. 27. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|27. Superlatives
  28. 28. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional
  29. 29. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional
  30. 30. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple