Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
Present Perfect (ever/never)
Talk about your past experiences with this tense
A: Have you ever been to Tibet?
B: No, I haven’t. Have you?
A: No, but my son travelled to Tibet 3 years ago.
B: Wow, did he enjoy the trip?
A: Yes, a lot.
|he / she / it||I / you / we / they|
|+||has + V3/Ved||have + V3/Ved|
|—||has not/hasn’t + V3/Ved||have not/haven’t+ V3/Ved|
|?||Has + Subject + V3/Ved?||Have + Subject + V3/Ved?|
— V3 = column 3 of the irregular verb list (go — went — gone (V3)
— Add -ED if the verb is regular (listen — listened)
Present Perfect is used:
|with never/ever||Have you ever been to Tibet?
We have never met our grandfather.
|to talk about past experiences when the time is unknown or unnecessary||Have you seen this film?|
|to start a conversation, but then change to Past Simple to talk about details||— Have you ever gone diving? (a general question)
— Yes, I have.
— When did you do it? Where? Did you like it? (details)
|have been to||have gone to|
|He has been to South Korea. = He went to South Korea and came back.
He has been to (NOT
|He has gone to South Korea. = He’s in South Korea now.|
|V1 (Present)||V2 (Past)||V3 (Perfect)|
Present Perfect (yet, just, already)
Use Present Perfect with the time markers yet, just and already
Child: Mum, I haven’t done my homework yet.
Mom: Why not?
Child: I‘ve just come home from school.
Mom: When are you going to do it?
Child: After dinner. We‘ve already done 2 exercises at school. So there’s not much left.
|just (+)||We have just called them.|
|already (+)||She has already bought everything.|
|yet (- / ?)||They have not heard this news yet.
Have you caught any fish yet?
🔹Use just/already with Present Perfect before the main verb in positive sentences (+)
I have already seen them.
Maria has just gone shopping.
🔹Use yet with Present Perfect at the end of the sentence in negative sentences (-) or questions (?)
The sun has not set yet.
Has he finished his project yet?
Present Perfect and «for» or «since»
John has lived in the UK for ages, and Sarah has lived there since she was 21. How long have you lived in your country?
Mary is a doctor. She started working as a doctor in 2017. She has been a doctor since 2017. She has been a doctor for three years.
Ethan and Jess have been married for 20 years. They have known each other since they were children.
|For + a period of time||Since + a point in time|
|For a minute / an hour
For five days / weeks / months
For a long time
Since 6 o’clock / 6 am
Since December / July 24th
Since New Year’s Eve
Since I was a child / we met
🔹Use Present Perfect + for or since to say how long
I’ve known Jane for six years.
John has worked here for a long time.
Alex has taught English since 1998.
Lea and Max haven’t seen each other since their divorce.
Choose the correct answer: already, since, for, yet, never, ever or just
Write the verbs in Present Perfect form
Make the Present Perfect sentences — choose positive, negative or question form
- 1. Grammar video|Pre-Int|1. May or Might
- 2. Grammar video|Pre-Int|2. Modal Verbs (Have to, Don't have to, Must, Mustn't)
- 3. Grammar video|Pre-Int|3. Should, shouldn't
- 4. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|4. Questions With and Without Auxiliaries
- 5. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|5. Word Order in Questions
- 6. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|6. Conjunctions
- 7. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|7. Relative Clauses
- 8. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|8. Reported Speech
- 9. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|9. Expressing Movements
- 10. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|10. Passive voice
- 11. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|11. Phrasal Verbs
- 12. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|12. So Neither + Auxiliary
- 13. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|13. Used to
- 14. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|14. Uses of the infinitive
- 15. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|15. Verb + ing
- 16. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|16. Present Simple
- 17. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|17. Past Simple
- 18. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|18. Present Continuous
- 19. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|19. Past Continuous
- 20. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
- 21. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|21. Be going to
- 22. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|22. Will
- 23. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|23. Present Continuous for Future
- 24. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|24. Quantifiers
- 25. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|25. Something, anything, nothing, etc.
- 26. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|26. Comparatives
- 27. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|27. Superlatives
- 28. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional
- 29. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional
- 30. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple