Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect


Present Perfect (ever/never)

Pre-Intermediate

Talk about your past experiences with this tense

pic1_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

Examples

A: Have you ever been to Tibet?

B: No, I haven’t. Have you?

A: No, but my son travelled to Tibet 3 years ago.

B: Wow, did he enjoy the trip?

A: Yes, a lot.

Timeline

pic2_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

Forms

he / she / it I / you / we / they
+ has + V3/Ved have + V3/Ved
has not/hasn’t + V3/Ved have not/haven’t+ V3/Ved
? Has + Subject + V3/Ved? Have + Subject + V3/Ved?

Remember:

V3 = column 3 of the irregular verb list (go — went — gone (V3)

— Add -ED if the verb is regular (listen — listened)

Usage

Present Perfect is used:

with never/ever Have you ever been to Tibet?

We have never met our grandfather.

to talk about past experiences when the time is unknown or unnecessary Have you seen this film?
to start a conversation, but then change to Past Simple to talk about details Have you ever gone diving? (a general question)

— Yes, I have.

— When did you do it? Where? Did you like it? (details)


have been to have gone to
He has been to South Korea. = He went to South Korea and came back.

Note

He has been to (NOT in) South Korea.

He has gone to South Korea. = He’s in South Korea now.

V1 (Present) V2 (Past) V3 (Perfect)
be

begin

become

come

do

eat

find

feel

give

get

go

hear

have

know

let

make

put

say

see

take

tell

think

was/were

began

became

came

did

ate

found

felt

gave

got

went

heard

had

knew

let

made

put

said

saw

took

told

thought

been

begun

become

come

done

eaten

found

felt

given

got/gotten

gone

heard

had

known

let

made

put

said

seen

taken

told

thought


Present Perfect (yet, just, already)

Pre-Intermediate

Use Present Perfect with the time markers yet, just and already

pic1_Grammar act|El|L25

Examples

Child: Mum, I haven’t done my homework yet.

Mom: Why not?

Child: I‘ve just come home from school.

Mom: When are you going to do it?

Child: After dinner. We‘ve already done 2 exercises at school. So there’s not much left.

Timeline

pic3_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

Forms

just (+) We have just called them.
already (+) She has already bought everything.
yet (- / ?) They have not heard this news yet.

Have you caught any fish yet?

Usage

🔹Use just/already with Present Perfect before the main verb in positive sentences (+)

I have already seen them.

Maria has just gone shopping.

🔹Use yet with Present Perfect at the end of the sentence in negative sentences (-) or questions (?)

The sun has not set yet.

Has he finished his project yet?

Present Perfect and «for» or «since»

Pre-Intermediate

John has lived in the UK for ages, and Sarah has lived there since she was 21. How long have you lived in your country?

pic4_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

Examples

Mary is a doctor. She started working as a doctor in 2017. She has been a doctor since 2017. She has been a doctor for three years.

Ethan and Jess have been married for 20 years. They have known each other since they were children.

Timeline

pic5_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

pic6_Grammar Video|Pre-Int|L20

Forms

For + a period of time Since + a point in time
For a minute / an hour

For five days / weeks / months

For years

For ages

For a long time

Since Monday

Since 6 o’clock / 6 am

Since December / July 24th

Since 1995

Since New Year’s Eve

Since I was a child / we met

Usage

🔹Use Present Perfect + for or since to say how long

I’ve known Jane for six years.

John has worked here for a long time.

Alex has taught English since 1998.

Lea and Max haven’t seen each other since their divorce.

Choose the correct answer: already, since, for, yet, never, ever or just


Write the verbs in Present Perfect form

Make the Present Perfect sentences — choose positive, negative or question form

  • Lesson
  • Homework
  1. 1. Grammar video|Pre-Int|1. May or Might
  2. 2. Grammar video|Pre-Int|2. Modal Verbs (Have to, Don't have to, Must, Mustn't)
  3. 3. Grammar video|Pre-Int|3. Should, shouldn't
  4. 4. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|4. Questions With and Without Auxiliaries
  5. 5. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|5. Word Order in Questions
  6. 6. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|6. Conjunctions
  7. 7. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|7. Relative Clauses
  8. 8. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|8. Reported Speech
  9. 9. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|9. Expressing Movements
  10. 10. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|10. Passive voice
  11. 11. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|11. Phrasal Verbs
  12. 12. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|12. So Neither + Auxiliary
  13. 13. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|13. Used to
  14. 14. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|14. Uses of the infinitive
  15. 15. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|15. Verb + ing
  16. 16. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|16. Present Simple
  17. 17. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|17. Past Simple
  18. 18. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|18. Present Continuous
  19. 19. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|19. Past Continuous
  20. 20. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|20. Present Perfect
  21. 21. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|21. Be going to
  22. 22. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|22. Will
  23. 23. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|23. Present Continuous for Future
  24. 24. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|24. Quantifiers
  25. 25. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|25. Something, anything, nothing, etc.
  26. 26. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|26. Comparatives
  27. 27. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|27. Superlatives
  28. 28. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|28. First Conditional
  29. 29. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|29. Second Conditional
  30. 30. Grammar Video|Pre-Int|30. Past Perfect Simple