IELTS|Intermediate|16. Inventions

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Agree or disagree with the statements and explain your answers

With the development of technologies

1. people have become more active.

2. people have become lazier and less physically active.

3. people have become smarter.

4. people have less opportunities to communicate.

5. people have more opportunities for self-development.

6. people have become less healthy.

Read the Writing task and underline the key ideas. Discuss the questions below

IELTS candidates often have difficulty with the concept of «To what extent do you agree or disagree?»

The candidates are not expected to have a black or white position on a topic, but that there will be a wide range of possible opinions and positions. They can agree with one part of the question, partly disagree with another, etc. They must express their opinions, but they should support them with reasons and examples.

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1. Do you agree that people do less physical activity than in the past? Why? / Why not?

2. What areas of people’s lives have modern inventions affected in this way?

3. If you agree that people do less physical activity, do you think it might have a negative effect on their health?

4. Do you think people who do physical work or sport have better health than other people (e.g. those who work in the office)?

5. How might working with computers or watching television affect people’s health? Consider such things as eyes, weight, heart and muscles.


Decide if the sentences are relevant or irrelevant to the topic. Explain your choice

Read the sample answer and choose the correct options for the statements below

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Fill in the gaps with the introductory phrases for each paragraph in the order of appearance

Correct the spelling of the words

In most cases, you simply have to learn the spelling of words rather than look for rules.

However, you can memorise, for example, the rules of adding -er, -est to adjectives or -ing and -ed to verbs.

We add -er to a short adjective to form its comparative, and -est to form its superlative.

When forming a comparative or superlative form, we double the final letter of a one-syllable adjective ending in consonant + vowel + consonant:

big ⇒ bigger ⇒ biggest,

fat ⇒ fatter ⇒ fattest,

thin ⇒ thinner ⇒ thinnest

We don’t double the final letter when the adjective ends in -y or -w:

grey ⇒ greyer ⇒ greyest,

slow ⇒ slower ⇒ slowest

We don’t double the final letter when the adjective ends in vowel + vowel + consonant or vowel + consonant + consonant:

cheap ⇒ cheaper ⇒ cheapest,

old ⇒ older ⇒ oldest

We add -ing to a verb to form its present participle, and -ed to regular verbs to form the past simple.

We double the final letter when a one-syllable verb ends in consonant + vowel + consonant.*

stop ⇒ stopped, stopping

rob ⇒ robbing, robbed

sit ⇒ sitting

We double the final letter when a word has more than one syllable, and when the final syllable is stressed in speech.

beGIN ⇒ beginning

preFER ⇒ preferring, preferred

If the final syllable is not stressed, we do not double the final letter.

LISten ⇒ listening, listened

HAPpen ⇒ happening, happened

In British English, travel and cancel are exceptions to this rule:

travel, travelling, travelled; cancel, cancelling, cancelled.

* We do not double the final letter when a word ends in two consonants (-rt, -rn, etc.):

start ⇒ starting, started; burn ⇒ burning, burned.

* We do not double the final letter when two vowels come directly before it:

remain ⇒ remaining, remained.

* We do not double w or y at the end of words:

play ⇒ playing, played; snow ⇒ snowing, snowed.

pic1|GE|Adults|Int|Revise and Check 18-23


Choose the correct spelling of the words

Put the phrases into the appropriate columns

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Agree or disagree with the statements. Use the phrases from the task above

  1. The internet is the greatest technological achievement of the 20th century.
  2. Robot dogs are the best pets.
  3. Development of technologies will cause unemployment (loss of jobs) in the future.
  4. Using cell phones too much is bad for our physical and mental health.
  5. It would be great to be able to upload our minds to computers or even other bodies.
  6. Face to face communication differs from online communication.
  7. Modern technology can reduce or increase stress.
  8. Technological advances are always good.

Read the writing task and underline the key ideas. Answer the questions

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  1. How did people use to communicate with friends in the past? How do they communicate now? Has this changed?
  2. Do you agree that people don’t see their friends so much? If so, do you agree that things like email and messaging have caused this, or are there any other reasons?
  3. Do you think that people’s social lives have got better or worse than in the past?
  4. If yes, is this a result of modern communication forms?
  5. Do you use any of these methods of communication? How do they affect your social life?

Make notes for each paragraph of your essay in the Textarea and discuss them with your teacher

Exam advice

Writing Task 2

  • Think about the question carefully before you make your plan.
  • Make sure that everything you write is relevant to the question.
  • Remember to spell the words correctly.
  • Use linking devices to connect your ideas and make your essay easy to read.
  • Use phrases learnt in the lesson to express agreement or disagreement with some points.

Sample answer

Electronic messaging and email have changed our social lives and the way we communicate with our friends. However, it is not at all certain that our social lives are worse as a result. In many ways, they are better.

In the past, people communicated by letter or by phone. They used to meet and see each other only when they had time. Because people led busy lives, often they did not have any communication with some of their friends for months. As a consequence, their relationships suffered.

Nowadays, we can be in constant contact with all our friends using social websites and instant messaging without even leaving our rooms. As a result, our social relationships are much closer. For example, in my case I spend about an hour chatting to friends from all over the world everyday on my computer. I know how they are, what they are thinking and what they are doing. In the past this was not possible and I might have communicated with some of these friends only once or twice a year.

I think it is also difficult to argue that modern forms of communication have reduced the amount of time people spend seeing each other. In my experience, the frequency with which people go out and meet each other has increased. It has become easier to organise parties, and young people especially are able to introduce their friends to each other and in this way increase their social circle.

In conclusion, I disagree entirely with the statement in the question and firmly believe that modern communications have greatly improved people’s social lives.

If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.

Урок Homework Курс
  • Warm-up
  • Effect of technologies
  • Sample essay
  • Spelling challenge
  • Agreeing or disagreeing
  • Brainstorming ideas
  • Homework