IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 4
Before the lesson, think about these questions and revise the vocabulary
Revise the grammar rules
Read the passage and complete questions 1-6
Complete the table below.
Choose no more than two words from the passage for each answer.
A disaster of Titanic proportions
At 11.39 p.m. on the evening of Sunday 14 April 1912, lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee on the forward mast of the Titanic sighted an eerie, black mass coming into view directly in front of the ship. Fleet picked up the phone to the helm, waited for Sixth Officer Moody to answer, and yelled «Iceberg, right ahead!» The greatest disaster in maritime history was about to be set in motion.
Thirty-seven seconds later, despite the efforts of officers in the bridge and engine room to steer around the iceberg, the Titanic struck a piece of submerged ice, bursting rivets in the ship’s hull and flooding the first five watertight compartments. The ship’s designer, Thomas Andrews, carried out a visual inspection of the ship’s damage and informed Captain Smith at midnight that the ship would sink in less than two hours. By 12.30 a.m., the lifeboats were being filled with women and children, after Smith had given the command for them to be uncovered and swung out 15 minutes earlier. The first lifeboat was successfully lowered 15 minutes later, with only 28 of its 65 seats occupied. By 1.15 a.m., the waterline was beginning to reach the Titanic’s name on the ship’s bow, and over the next hour every lifeboat would be released as officers struggled to maintain order amongst the growing panic on board.
The closing moments of the Titanic’s sinking began shortly after 2 a.m., as the last lifeboat was lowered and the ship’s propellers lifted out of the water, leaving the 1,500 passengers still on board to surge towards the stern. At 2.17 a.m., Harold Bride and Jack Philips tapped out their last wireless message after being relieved of duty as the ship’s wireless operators, and the ship’s band stopped playing. Less than a minute later, occupants of the lifeboats witnessed the ship’s lights flash once, then go black, and a huge roar signalled the Titanic’s contents plunging towards the bow, causing the front half of the ship to break off and go under. The Titanic’s stern bobbed up momentarily, and at 2.20 a.m., the ship finally disappeared beneath the frigid waters.
What or who was responsible for the scale of this catastrophe? Explanations abound, some that focus on very small details. Due to a last minute change in the ship’s officer line-up, iceberg lookouts Frederick Fleet and Reginald Lee were making do without a pair of binoculars that an officer transferred off the ship in Southampton had left in a cupboard onboard, unbeknownst to any of the ship’s crew. Fleet, who survived the sinking, insisted at a subsequent inquiry that he could have identified the iceberg in time to avert disaster if he had been in possession of the binoculars.
Less than an hour before the Titanic struck the iceberg, wireless operator Cyril Evans on the Californian, located just 20 miles to the north, tried to contact operator Jack Philips on the Titanic to warn him of pack ice in the area. «Shut up, shut up, you’re jamming my signal», Philips replied. «I’m busy.» The Titanic’s wireless system had broken down for several hours earlier that day, and Philips was clearing a backlog of personal messages that passengers had requested to be sent to family and friends in the USA. Nevertheless, Captain Smith had maintained the ship’s speed of 22 knots despite multiple earlier warnings of ice ahead. It has been suggested that Smith was under pressure to make headlines by arriving early in New York, but maritime historians such as Richard Howell have countered this perception, noting that Smith was simply following common procedure at the time, and not behaving recklessly.
One of the strongest explanations for the severe loss of life has been the fact that the Titanic did not carry enough lifeboats for everyone on board. Maritime regulations at the time tied lifeboat capacity to ship size, not to the number of passengers on board. This meant that the Titanic, with room for 1,178 of its 2,222 passengers, actually surpassed the Board of Trade’s requirement that it carry lifeboats for 1,060 of its passengers. Nevertheless, with lifeboats being lowered less than half full in many cases, and only 712 passengers surviving despite a two and a half hour window of opportunity, more lifeboats would not have guaranteed more survivors in the absence of better training and preparation. Many passengers were confused about where to go after the order to launch lifeboats was given; a lifeboat drill scheduled for earlier on the same day that the Titanic struck the iceberg was cancelled by Captain Smith, in order to allow passengers to attend church.
Read the task in the box and complete questions 7-13
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?
True — if the statement agrees with the information
False — if the statement contradicts the information
Not Given — if there is no information on this
- Check how many words you are allowed to use.
- Use the title to find the right part of the passage.
- Write answers exactly as they are spelled in the passage.
1. Quickly find the part of the passage that deals with each statement. You should be able to find this, even when the answer is ‘Not given’.
2. The answers may all be located in one part of the passage or they may occur at different points across the whole passage.
Listen to the recording once only and do the tasks below
Read the instructions and complete the notes
1. Quickly read the title and the notes to see the overall structure.
2. Make sure the word or phrase you use is the right part of speech (noun, noun phrase, verb, adjective, etc.).
3. Use words you actually hear. If you can’t, use words that express the same idea.
Read the task and prepare your 2-minute speech on the topic «A piece of music you like»
Part 2 Individual Long Turn
Before you talk, you’ll have one minute to think about what you’re going to say. You can make some notes if you wish.
Describe a song or a piece of music you like.
You should say:
- what the song or music is;
- what kind of song or music it is;
- where you first heard it
and explain why you like it.
Speaking Part 2
- Use your notes and the task to give your talk a clear structure.
- Use linking and pausing to give your speech a natural-sounding rhythm.
- Be prepared to answer one or two questions on your talk when you have finished. (You only need to give very brief answers.)
Speak no longer than 2 minutes.
Cover all of the points and provide a relevant answer.
Allow your browser the access to the microphone, press the button «Record» and record the speech you have prepared
Read the task in the green box. Then plan your answer by writing some key notes that are true for you in the table below
Writing Task 2
Some modern artists receive huge sums of money for the things they create, while others struggle to survive. Governments should take steps to resolve this unfair situation.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
|Reasons in favour||Reasons against|
Write a discursive essay making use of the notes above. You should write at least 250 words, and spend about 35 minutes on the task
Writing Task 2
- Start your introductory paragraph with a general statement about the topic and state your position.
- Keep your position clear throughout your answer.
- Make sure the sentences in each paragraph follow a logical sequence.
- Support your main ideas with reasons, examples and consequences.
- Summarise your position in the final paragraph, but don’t introduce new points or ideas.
If you open the lesson plan you will be able to assign separate pages as homework or all the homework pages at once.
- Revise the vocabulary
- Revise the grammar
- The Titanic
- The Grand Old Duke's story
- Catchy tunes
- Art: for love or money?
- 1. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|1. Being a high achiever
- 2. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|2. University life
- 3. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|3. Getting a qualification
- 4. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|4. Career plans
- 5. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 1
- 6. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|5. Perceiving colours
- 7. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|6. The art of colour
- 8. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|7. The best colour
- 9. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|8. Adding colour
- 10. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 2
- 11. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|9. In therapy
- 12. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|10. Placebo effect
- 13. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|11. Changing life expectancy
- 14. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|12. Leading a healthy life
- 15. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 3
- 16. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|13. Works of art
- 17. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|14. Aboriginal art
- 18. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|15. Being good at arts
- 19. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|16. What is a masterpiece?
- 20. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 4
- 21. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|17. Collecting fossils
- 22. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|18. Evolution and survival
- 23. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|19. The Earth's interior
- 24. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|20. A valuable possession
- 25. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 5
- 26. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|21. The role of technology
- 27. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|22. Film making and technology
- 28. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|23. The impact of IT on society
- 29. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|24. Number one website
- 30. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 6
- 31. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|25. Environmental issues
- 32. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|26. Wildlife wonders
- 33. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|27. Endangered species
- 34. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|28. A symbol of a nation
- 35. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 7
- 36. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|29. Exploring space
- 37. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|30. Observing the stars
- 38. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|31. Space tourism prospects
- 39. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|32. Extraterrestrial phenomena
- 40. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Revise and Check 8
- 41. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Exam Part 1
- 42. IELTS|Upper-Intermediate|Exam Part 2