Intro|Pre-Int|Career personality

Characterise briefly each type of people and find a suitable job for each of them


Discuss the questions

1. Was the choice evident for you? How do we know which job suits each type?

2. How did you choose your career? Have you ever done any career choice tests?

3. Are there any universal qualities to possess in order to become successful or do they vary depending on the job?

4. Could you describe the personality of any extremely successful people?

Find four mistakes in the descriptions to the pictures

Steve Jobs


1. Steve Jobs in his high school electronics class.

2. The second Apple logo.

3. The Apple II was the first computer that could show information on a screen in colour.

4. Steve spent seven months in Pakistan.

5. Steve was a co-founder of the Walt Disney Company.

Listen to Ronald Wayne talking about Steve Jobs and choose the correct options

If you had your choice between Steve Jobs and an ice cube, you’d choose the ice cube for warmth.
My name is Ronald G. Wayne, known by most people as a co-founder of the Apple Computer Company.
It was interesting, because his range of knowledge seemed to be extremely focused on the things that he was specifically interested in. And if it wasn’t a world that was interested in or category of information that he was interested in, he knew absolutely nothing about it. I was astonished at one point in time, when I heard that he didn’t know that aluminum was a conductor. It’s not something that meant anything to him, you know? So, therefore, why should he be bothered knowing things like that?
I was putting the service manual together for the Apple 1. I drew up the complete schematic diagram. And on the schematic diagram you have chips and resistors and capacitors and diodes and whatever. And I identified all of these components with reference designations: Q1, Q2, Q3 and so on. And Jobs wanted to know what those numbers were for. And I said, «You cannot put a product together without every component being uniquely identified». He says, «I don’t like them, take them off!»
He had an idea that was contrary to 20-plus years of experience that I had in the world of electronics, and he’s going to tell me how to do my job. He was an aggressive, focused individual with his own ideas about how everything should be done. But, I will say this, that’s what it took for him to do what he did with Apple.
Was he the nicest person in the world? No. But that, you know, what’s the old story? Nice guys don’t win ball games.

relentless – someone who is relentless is determined to do something and refuses to give up, even if what they are doing is unpleasant or cruel

Read the text and choose the appropriate type of people in each case

pic2_Intro|Pre-Int|Career personality

precise – very careful and accurate, especially about small details

trustworthy – able to be relied on as honest or truthful

orderly – methodically arranged

To evaluate whether person-environment fit matters in job satisfaction, we need some way to measure it. «Holland types», a theory developed by psychologist John Holland, are currently the best developed scheme, and indeed are one of the most empirically tested areas of work psychology.
According to Holland’s theory, most people can be categorised by six types for the purpose of job matching:

Each type appears to be a combination of personality and interests, though this is controversial in the literature.

Choose inappropriate or irrelevant qualities for the following three jobs


Match the words with the definitions

Guess whether the tips on how to pass a pre-employment test are true or false


Listen and check your answers. Write down three strategies that you find the most helpful

Employers use pre-employment personality tests to uncover personality traits and desirable characteristics in applicants. An employer may be looking for a specific personality type to match the job’s demands, such as an outgoing person for a marketing position, and use test results to eliminate candidates with undesirable traits or the wrong personality type. Although you can’t study for a personality test, you can pass by preparing yourself a little beforehand and giving true answers.

1. Try a sample test. Your results can help you gauge your personality type and reveal some of your weaknesses before you take the pre-employment test.

2. Answer honestly. Trying to give «correct» answers — what you believe the employer wants to hear — can trip the test’s deception detection system. Giving too many answers that are considered very socially desirable might indicate you’re trying to beat the test.

3. Read questions and statements more than once if you’re unsure of the context. Some pre-employment personality tests repeat the same question or statement, worded differently to catch untruthful answers. For example, answering yes to both «I have never stolen one thing in my life» and «I once took office supplies home without permission» signals dishonesty to the employer.

4. Watch for questions or statements that indicate common but socially undesirable behaviors. Employers use these types of questions to flag dishonest responders. For example, while «I agree» might seem to be the right answer for «I have never been jealous of another person,» jealousy is a common emotion experienced by most people. Giving answers that are the opposite of typical human behaviors or emotions might cause you to fail the test.

5. Select answers that best reflect your personality for questions or statements you find confusing or vague. Projecting a different personality type than the one you have might get you the job, but you’ll probably struggle in the position.

Read the story of a woman and reflect on what her problem is


«She was a doctor with a very successful practice. She was extremely busy and making more money than she had dreamed possible. But she was deeply unsatisfied.»
«If I’m honest, I think I became a doctor because my father was a doctor. It was expected. I didn’t think I had a choice,» she confessed. Then her eyes welled with tears.»
«But I hate it,» she continued. «I only get to spend a few minutes with each patient. I feel like a factory worker on a conveyor belt. It’s all I can do to make myself go to work.»
She was good at what she did. Her practice was exploding. But she had lost her passion.»

Mark the criteria that define for you job satisfaction and answer the questions below

• How are all the points you’ve marked related to your personality?

• Would you agree with the following model? Does it work for your current job?

pic3_Intro|Pre-Int|Career personality


1. Passion. If your heart is not in your work, you have a job but not a calling.

2. Proficiency. Passion alone is not enough. You have to be good at what you do. Being good enough will not give you the satisfaction you desire. You have to excel at your craft and be awesome. Mastery is the goal.

3. Profitability. To enjoy a successful career, people must be willing to pay you for what you do. You don’t have to get rich, but there must be a market for your product or service. Otherwise, your career is not sustainable.

🔗The source

Unscramble the word using the letters given. The video you are going to watch will be dedicated to it

Watch the video and mark the sentences True or False

You can try career interest test following the 🔗link

  • Great people skills
  • Steve Jobs or an ice cube?
  • Doer or Thinker?
  • Know what they want
  • Heads-up
  • Where you want to be
  • «True calling»
  • Refresher

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