Lego|Grammar|Pre-Int|13. Present tenses

Present Simple

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Present Continuous

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Present Perfect

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Present Perfect Continuous

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Let’s revise and compare Present tenses with the help of the table. Take your time and study it. Is there anything new to you?

English grammar

Study the rules

Usage Markers Examples
Habitual actions usually; regularly; every day (week, month etc.), often; frequently; sometimes; occasionally; seldom; rarely; never; always; on Fridays I usually work till 8 p.m.
Stating a fact, general truth The sun rises in the east.
Schedules The show starts in two hours.
Clauses of time and condition If I find this book, I will give it to you.


Usage Markers Examples
The action is going on at the present moment, at the moment of speaking. now; right now; at the moment You are reading this material now.
The action is happening during the present period. now; at present; at the present time; at the moment; this year He is teaching at Redwood this year.
Preplanned actions now; at present; at the present time; at the moment; this year She’s leaving next Tuesday.
As an emphasis on emotions (especially something that annoys the speaker) always; usually; never Sara is always coming late!


Usage Markers Examples
The action has just ended. already; just; yet She has already talked to him.
Reporting how often something has happened by now. ever; never; once; twice; several times; always; often; sometimes. I have never seen this film.
The result of past actions by the present moment by now; by the present moment; up to now; so far; before; since; lately He has written ten letters by now.
The action has lasted for some time by now. for an hour; for a week; for a long time; for five years; for years; in years; since; lately I haven’t seen him in years.


Usage Markers Examples
The action has been going on for some time by now and is still going on. for an hour; for a week; for a long time; for five years; for years; all day; all morning; since How long have you been waiting?
The action has been going on lately. Additional context may indicate whether the action has been finished by now. for an hour; for a week; for a long time; for five years; for years; all day; all morning; since I have been thinking about buying a new car.

Say what tense is used in each sentence and why

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1. I’ve been writing my report since morning.

2. He hasn’t returned from work yet.

3. I have often thought of starting my own business.

4. The department store opens at 9:00 a.m.

5. He is always being rude these days!

6. If I find this book, I will give it to you.

7. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

8. Do you hear it? A nightingale is singing.

9. I am studying economics at a business school.

10. We are buying a summer house this year.

11. We always go to this store.

12. Oh, hello, Anton! We have just been talking about you.

13. So far, she has read fourteen novels by Stephen King.

14. She has collected coins since she was a child.

1. The action has been going on for some time by now and is still going on (the marker «since»).

2. With the marker «yet».

3. Reporting how often something has happened by now.

4. Actions according to a schedule.

5. As an emphasis on emotions.

6. Clauses of time and condition. (Conditional I)

7. General truth, a fact.

8. The action is going on at the moment of speaking.

9. The action is going on during the present period of time.

10. A preplanned action.

11. A habitual, regular action in the present.

12. The action has been going on lately.

13. The result of past actions by the present moment.

14. The action has lasted for some time by now.

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Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb

pic7_Intro|Adv|Introductory travel


Tell about your regular routine and what you usually do on holiday

1. Where do you usually work/study? Are you attending any courses?

2. What countries have you visited on holiday so far? Where do you usually stay while travelling?

3. What experiences have you gained from your last holiday?

4. What have you been doing since you returned from holiday?

5. What are your plans for the next holidays?

Read the dialogue and choose correct options

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Write the correct form of the verbs

Complete the jokes with the correct present form of the verb

Smile, laugh

  • Compare!
  • Present tenses
  • Check yourself!
  • Holiday time
  • Let’s practise!
  • Let’s laugh!

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