Lego|Grammar|Pre-Int|3. Parts of speech
Read the rule
This part of speech refers to the words that are used to name persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events. Examples:
◊ Tom Hanks is very versatile.
The italicized noun refers to a name of a person.
◊ Dogs can be extremely cute.
In this example, the italicized word is considered a noun because it names an animal.
◊ It is my birthday.
The word «birthday» is a noun which refers to an event.
A pronoun is a part of speech which functions as a replacement for a noun. Some examples of pronouns are: I, it, he, she, mine, his, hers, we, they, theirs, and ours.
◊ Janice is a very stubborn child. She just stared at me when I told her to stop.
◊ The largest slice is mine.
◊ We are number one.
This part of speech is used to describe a noun or a pronoun. Adjectives can specify the quality, the size, and the number of nouns or pronouns. Examples:
◊ The carvings are intricate.
The italicized word describes the appearance of the noun «carvings.»
◊ I have two hamsters.
The italicized word «two,» is an adjective which describes the number of the noun «hamsters.»
◊ Wow! That doughnut is huge!
The italicized word is an adjective which describes the size of the noun «doughnut.»
This is the most important part of speech, for without a verb, a sentence would not exist. Simply put, this is a word that shows an action (physical or mental) or state of being of the subject in a sentence.
Examples of «State of Being Verbs» : am, is, was, are, and were
◊ As usual, the Stormtroopers missed their shot.
The italicized word expresses the action of the subject «Stormtroopers.»
◊ They are always prepared in emergencies.
The verb «are» refers to the state of being of the pronoun «they,» which is the subject in the sentence.
Just like adjectives, adverbs are also used to describe words, but the difference is that adverbs describe adjectives, verbs, or another adverb. The different types of adverbs are:
Adverb of Manner – this refers to how something happens or how an action is done.
◊ Annie danced gracefully.
The word «gracefully» tells how Annie danced.
Adverb of Time — this states «when» something happens or «when» it is done.
◊ She came yesterday.
The italicized word tells when she «came.»
Adverb of Place — this tells something about «where» something happens or «where» something is done.
◊ Of course, I looked everywhere!
The adverb «everywhere» tells where I «looked.»
Adverb of Degree — this states the intensity or the degree to which a specific thing happens or is done.
◊ The child is very talented.
The italicized adverb answers the question, «To what degree is the child talented?»
This part of speech basically refers to words that specify location or a location in time. Examples of Prepositions: above, below, throughout, outside, before, near, and since.
◊ Micah is hiding under the bed.
The italicized preposition introduces the prepositional phrase «under the bed,» and tells where Micah is hiding.
◊ During the game, the audience never stopped cheering for their team.
The italicized preposition introduces the prepositional phrase «during the game,» and tells when the audience cheered.
The conjunction is a part of speech which joins words, phrases, or clauses together.
Examples of Conjunctions: and, yet, but, for, nor, or, and so.
◊ This cup of tea is delicious and very soothing.
◊ Kiyoko has to start all over again because she didn’t follow the professor’s instructions.
◊ Homer always wanted to join the play, but he didn’t have the guts to audition.
Choose the part of speech
Match the word and its part of speech
Read the sentences. Say the word or words that belong to the part of speech specified in the brackets
Question: She must have reached home. (verb)
Answer: She must have reached home.
- She went to the market and bought some eggs. (verb)
- I want to go now. (adverb)
- What are you doing there? (adverb)
- There is a mouse underneath the piano. (preposition)
- Masons build houses. (noun)
- John is my best friend. (proper noun)
- She looked up but didn’t see anything. (adverb)
- My family live in different parts of India. (collective noun)
- That was a difficult question. (adjective)
- She was very impressed with her results. (adverb)
- Although she is poor, she is happy. (conjunction)
- Have we bought enough chairs? (adjective)
- The policeman didn’t run fast enough to catch the thief. (adverb)
Match the parts of speech with their definitions
Select what part of speech the words in bold are
Choose the correct word
- Parts of speech
- Where does this word belong?
- Where does this word belong?
- Adjective or adverb?
Урок не принадлежит курсу