Self-study|IT|Int|Lesson 14: Presentations


Match the features of a presentation to the correct category. Then add your own ideas

Watch the video and tick the correct answers


JORDAN: So! Any questions?
VIRGINIA: Well, I liked that you used short simple sentences. You explained how the project works, which is necessary, of course! But— while I was listening to your presentation, I found myself … zoning out in the middle of it. It was too theoretical.
JORDAN: But did you look at the pictures? They were there to help you keep your focus.
VIRGINIA: I’m talking about the speech, not the design. Metaphors! You can use metaphors! They’re easy to understand and remember, especially when they’re funny. Ed can help you with that! And— let’s cut the details!
JORDAN: Virginia, let me remind you that details are crucial! They prove that I understand the topic! That I’m not just some silly schoolboy reading an essay that he found on the Internet!
VIRGINIA: Look, I’m not suggesting that we get rid of ALL of them. Let’s just keep the most relevant. Details complicate your speech, and people forget them anyway. Let’s just keep it simple!
JORDAN: Oh, okay, well— Thank you! Thank you very much! You’ve been so helpful. I’ll just go and rewrite my whole presentation now.

💡As we know, people attend conferences for different reasons: to promote their company, product or idea or to participate as speakers. But writing a brilliant speech is not enough, you must also know how to present it to impact the audience. Today, we’re going to learn some of the techniques that will help you improve your presentation skills.


Remember the key elements of a presentation

Order the elements of the introduction

Study the useful phrases you will need in your presentation

Useful phrases

Welcoming the audience

  • Good morning, ladies and gentlemen.
  • Hello, everyone.
  • I’m happy that you could make it today.
  • Let me thank you all for coming.

Introducing yourself

  • Let me introduce myself. I’m …
  • As you probably know, I’m …
  • For those of you who don’t know me, my name is …

Saying what your topic is

  • Today’s topic is …
  • What I’d like to present to you today is …
  • The subject of my presentation is …

Explaining why your topic is relevant to your audience

  • My talk is particularly relevant to those of you who …
  • My topic is very important to you because …
  • By the end of this talk, you will be familiar with …

Explaining how your talk is structured

  • My presentation is divided into three parts: …
  • First, I’ll be looking at …, second …, and third …
  • I’ll begin by explaining …
  • Then I’ll go on to …
  • Finally, I’ll offer some solutions.


  • My presentation will take about 1 hour.
  • It will take about 30 minutes to cover these issues.


  • There will be time for questions after my presentation.
  • If you have any questions, feel free to ask me at any time during my talk.


Main body

Match the ways of organizing information to their explanations


Match the elements of the conclusion with the phrases

Read and remember the appropriate usage of the phrases


  • Thank you for listening.
  • I hope you were able to gain an insight into …

Signaling the end

  • That covers all I wanted to say today.
  • Before I finish my presentation, let me …


  • I’d like to briefly recap the key points again.
  • To sum up, …

Study the useful phrases

Useful phrases for the main body

Saying what is coming

  • Now let us turn to point one.
  • In this part of my presentation, I’d like to talk about …

Moving to the next point

  • This leads us directly to my next point.
  • This brings us to the next issue.

Giving an example

  • An example of this can be found …
  • To illustrate this …
  • For example, …
  • For instance, …

Referring to what you have said previously

  • As I have already mentioned earlier…
  • As we saw in part one …
  • To repeat what I have already said …

Indicating the end of a section

  • This brings me to the end of my first point.
  • That’s all I wanted to say about …

Adding ideas

  • In addition to this, I’d like to say …
  • What is more, …

Summarizing a point

  • I’d like to summarize what I’ve said so far …
  • To summarize…
  • In short, …

Useful phrases for the conclusion

Signaling the end of the presentation

  • That brings me to the end of my presentation.
  • That covers all I wanted to say today.
  • Before I finish my presentation, let me …

Inviting questions

  • I’d be glad to answer any questions.
  • Now, I’ll be happy to answer your questions.

Recommending or suggesting something

  • In my opinion, the only way forward is …
  • I’d like to propose …

Summarizing the main points

  • I’d like to briefly recap the key points again.
  • I’ll briefly summarize the main issues.
  • To sum up, …


  • Thank you for your attention.
  • Thank you for listening.
  • I hope you were able to gain an insight into …


Watch the video and answer the question


JORDAN: Who are you? How did you get into my apartment?
FAIRY: I … am your Presentation Fairy Godmother! And I’m here to make sure that you’re ready for your Nike presentation! Are you ready to perform tomorrow?
JORDAN: I really don’t know what’s going on here, but— For your information, yeah! I am ready!
FAIRY: Then I guess you don’t need my list of recommendations for how to grab and hold the audience’s attention?
JORDAN: Well— I probably know everything already, but— Can you tell me what you have in there?
FAIRY: Okay! First, you want to make a lot of gestures! Imagine you’re Italian—that’ll help. Second, you want to point to things around the room and on your slide! And you’ll want to say things like, «let’s have a look at», «as you can see», «here we see».
JORDAN: But what if people just start scrolling through their Facebook and not listening to me?
FAIRY: Easy! Walk around the room! Walking draws attention. Just don’t do it too much!
JORDAN: Okay, so— You’re saying that my body language can actually make people pay more attention to what I’m saying?
FAIRY: Yes! Just remember to be out of there before midnight!
JORDAN: Why do I have before midnight?
FAIRY: Oops! Wrong fairy tale!


Watch two speakers giving a speech and answer the questions

* Watch and listen the part 0:25-2:07

Namaste. So, tech conferences are like rock concerts now. It’s interesting. I used to be a musician. Unfortunately, my audience was never as big as when I am speaking. So I guess I was upgraded. So it’s really great to be with you guys today. I live in Zürich in Switzerland. I’ve been to India many times. So I’m gonna say a few things about India later, but keep in mind that I’m not an expert, obviously, even though I’ve been many times. I’ll talk about the future today. I wanna get going in a very simple conversation about this. You know, I’m sure you’ve noticed that humanity and technilogy are kind of converging. I mean, basically, when we use these devices here, when we use this, that’s your second brain. It’s your external brain. And for some of our children, it’s the only brain they have. Imagine this machine has the same computing power that the machine that brought the Americans to the moon. Here, in here. In ten years, what do you think this machine will do? Well, I can say, pretty much any imagination is fine. It’s going to be unlimited computing power. Grant them computing five G, ten G, twenty G. It’s going to be on here. So, many things about this are really good, and other things are not so good. I think we have to keep a very good eye on what that means and where it’s going to take us because, obviously, there’s things that we need to consider.

*Watch and listen the part 00:00-2:06

Can you hear me okay? Good. Okay. I’m gonna walk around: I’ve been in three continents in four days, so If I stand still, I’ll probably drop over asleep at some point. Thank for the invitation to come here, I’m very happy to be here. I’m very excited to talk about one aspect of FinTech. FinTech is having a lot of effects on financial markets and the provision of financial services. And I think in no area is it having more concrete effects already than on artificial intelligence. So I’m very excited to talk about this. I think I have about twenty to twenty-five minutes to talk, and I’m gonna leave about five minutes for questions, hopefully. I get excited now, and I’ll give you lots of stories, so maybe I’ll need some of that time. I have to start with a disclaimer. I’m speaking on my own behalf, not on behalf of the governors of the Federal Reserve System. So, please don’t get me in trouble by saying I’m speaking on their behalf. I wanna talk about three things.

First, I wanna try to give you a definition of what the artificial intelligence is. I think with a hundred people in the room, there’s probably a hundred different ideas of what it is, and maybe they’re not all the same. So I want try to sort of level-set so that we’re all on the same page and try to give you a sense of the difference between artificial intelligence and big data and machine learning. I wanna talk about how it’s being used in finance and I think this is really important because there are so many different use cases and they are across a wide spectrum of parts of finance. And I think this is really important because when you go to a conference on blockchain or distributed ledger, you hear a lot about the proofs of concept. Here’s all the things we might be able to do with this technology at some point in the future. With artificial intelligence, every example I’m gonna give you is something that’s already being utilized, already being offered by a company for financial services. And then, as I talk about these use cases, I think you’ll start to see the financial stability implications as I try to sort of describe different ones. And at the end, I’ll use a couple of slides just to bring them all together.


Title the groups of the Useful phrases


Main body

Title the groups of the Useful phrases


Title the groups of the Useful phrases


Order the sentences in the introduction of a speech

Find and cross out the wrong phrase in each group

Match the uses of signposts to their examples


Listen to the audio and complete the sentences with one word

Most professionals who deliver presentations fail to take advantage of a powerful tool that’s as close as their smartphones — a recording device.

This year, a Philadelphia man who works as a manager at JPMorgan Chase won the Toastmasters 2019 World Championship of Public Speaking.

It’s a remarkable story because Aaron Beverly had to overcome a paralyzing fear of public speaking on his road to becoming a champion speaker. In an interview after his win, Beverly said that he overcame his fear through dedicated and consistent practice.

After Beverly writes a speech, he records himself delivering the lines. He listens for vocal variety and pacing. He listens for filler words and mistakes. He makes the corrections and does it again. He listens, edits and continues the process. Before long, Beverly has built up the confidence to deliver the speech to a live audience.

Beverly says that most people don’t like to hear themselves, but it’s an «invaluable way» to improve public-speaking skills.

Using a smartphone to record yourself delivering a presentation offers another advantage — you can turn on the video function. Watching yourself on video is one of the easiest ways to raise your presentation game.

Listen to the audio and put the tips in the order you hear them

There are few skills that will bring more opportunity into your life than the ability to speak well in public. Follow some tips to make the difference between those speakers who leave a powerful, positive impression and those that are quickly forgotten.

  1. Know what you want your audience to do immediately after hearing your speech. If nobody does anything different than they would have done before you spoke – the value of your speech is zero.
  2. A personal story, a quote from an expert or a shocking statistic – something that takes a hold of your audience and gets them hooked and opens their mind to your message. Give the audience a chance to see your personal connection to the topic.
  3. Know your material. Get really interested in the topic. Find good stories.
  4. Rehearse out loud with all equipment you plan on using. Work to control filler words. Practice, pause and breathe. Use a clock to check your timings and allow time for the unexpected.
  5. Try to speak to one or two people in the audience as they arrive – they will be your allies in the audience – it is easier to speak to friends than to strangers.
  6. Arrive in good time to check out the speaking area and get practice using the microphone and any visual aids.
  7. Begin with a well prepared grabber. A relevant personal story is a great start. It establishes your credibility. It connects you to the audience and creates the right emotional atmosphere (and calms your nerves).
  8. See yourself at the end of the speech surrounded by people asking questions, visualize the applause.
  9. Include 3-8 second pauses at key moments – just before key statements or just after a story – this really brings the audience into the speech.
  10. If the audience don’t feel that it is important to you, it will be really hard for them to feel that it should be important for them.
  11. Take every opportunity you can to get a speak (and listen to) other speakers. Prepare well ahead of time. Experience builds confidence, which is the key to effective speaking.

Look at your roadmap and see your progress


Урок Homework Курс
  • Jordan's speech
  • Structure the introduction
  • Structure the main body
  • The fairy's help
  • Two speakers
  • Your speech
  • Homework 1
  • Homework 2