Teens|Grammar activating|Int|12. Crime and punishment

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Read the puzzle and think about the solutions

  • Bobby lives with his parents in London. Last week, while his parents were out, Bobby’s neighbour Susie came round to spend the evening. At 8 o’clock precisely she went out to buy some food from the corner shop five minutes walk away. One minute after she left, two men burst into the house and, ignoring Bobby, took the TV set, the stereo and a computer. Bobby had never seen the men before and they had no legal right to remove the equipment yet he did nothing to stop them. In fact, he didn’t even act surprised by their behaviour. How come?

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Match the words to the definitions

Put the types of punishment in order from the least to the most severe

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Choose the number and decide what punishment should be given to the people

Giving opinions

  • In my opinion …
  • To my mind …
  • From my point of view …
  • I guess …
  • I suppose …
  • Personally, I think …
  • I strongly believe …


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A 73-year old woman stole a scarf from the shop

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A 16-year old boy who sprayed paint on parked cars

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A gang of armed men who hijacked a plane

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Two men who mugged another one stealing $100 and breaking his teeth

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A businessman who hasn’t paid taxes

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A woman who abandoned kittens in the forest

Read the text and complete it with the missing words

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Complete the grammar table with the examples from the text

Passive voice

Read the text and choose the correct option to answer the questions

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Private investigators investigated
When I walk into the offices of Wright & Wrong Ltd, a predominantly female firm of private investigators, I have to say I am a little disappointed. My only previous contact with this kind of agencies has been through black and white films from the golden age of Hollywood. So, I expect to see cosy tiny offices and agents working with huge piles of documents at their desks. However, the offices of this firm are light and spacious, with rows of desks. These are tidy and free of paper, but concentrated faces at large computer screens give the place a busy feel.

Jenny Wright, founder of the agency, with a note of irritation in her voice, points to further misconceptions. «Cinema and television are mostly to blame for our reputation. We always work very strictly within the law there’s no violence, no break-ins, and certainly no guns. The work is often far from stimulating. When we’re not dealing with paperwork or internet searches, we’re usually involved in surveillance. And that normally means just sitting around in cars or cafés for hours, waiting for something to happen.»

Not surprisingly, then, patience is an important asset for anyone doing this kind of work. Is that why nine of the twelve investigators in her team are women? «Obviously, women don’t have a monopoly on patience,» replies Jenny diplomatically. Women are often considered to be more sensitive than men. «People open up to women more readily,» she says.

Most of Jenny’s clients are wealthy. Even with the latest hi-tech equipment, such as GPS and long-range listening devices, a detective campaign can last several days. ‘»The technology is freely available and most of what we do could be done by the clients,» explains Jenny, «but they refuse to get involved.»



Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first

Watch the video and answer the questions

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John | Mike | SH | Molly

John: Well, a bit different from my day.
Mike: Well, you have no idea.
SH: Mike, can I borrow your phone? There’s no signal on mine.
Mike: Well, what’s wrong with the landline?
SH: Well, I prefer to text.
Mike: Sorry, it’s in my coat.
John: Uhm, here, use mine.
SH: Oh. Thank you.
Mike: That’s an old friend of mine, John Watson.
SH: Afghanistan or Iraq?
John: Sorry?
SH: Which was it, Afghanistan or Iraq?
John: Afghanistan, sorry, how did you–
SH: Ah, Molly, coffee, thank you. What happened to the lipstick?
Molly: It wasn’t working for me.
SH: Really? I thought it was a big improvement. Your mouth’s too small now.
Molly: Okay.
SH: How do you feel about the violin?
John: I’m sorry, what?
SH: I play the violin when I’m thinking. Sometimes I don’t talk for days on end. Would that bother you? Potential flatmates should know the worst about each other.
John: Uh, you … you told him about me?
Mike: Not a word.
John: Then who said anything about flatmates?
SH: I did. Told Mike this morning that I must be a difficult man to find a flatmate for. Now, here he is, just after lunch with an old friend, who’s clearly just home from military service in Afghanistan. Wasn’t a difficult leap.
John: How did you know about Afghanistan?
SH: Got my eye on a nice little place in Central London. Together we ought to be able to afford it. We’ll meet there tomorrow evening, 7 o’clock. Sorry, got to dash, got to pick up my riding crop in the mortuary.
John: Is that it?
SH: Is that what?
John: We’ve only just met and we’re going to look at a flat?
SH: Problem?
John: We don’t know a thing about each other. I don’t know where we’re meeting, I don’t even know your name.
SH: I know you’re an army doctor, and you’ve been invalided home from Afghanistan. I know you’ve got a brother who’s worried about you, but you won’t go to him for help, because you don’t approve of him, possibly because he’s an alcoholic — more likely because he’s recently walked out on his wife. And I know that your therapist thinks your limp’s psychosomatic, quite correctly, I’m afraid. That’s enough to be going on with, don’t you think? The name’s Sherlock Holmes and the address is 221B Baker Street.


  1. What does the scene show?
  2. Where does the action take place?
  3. Who are the main heroes?
  4. What abilities does Sherlock Holmes possess?
  5. Have you seen these TV series?

Look at the photo and deduce anything about the person

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✔️ His hair hasn’t been cut for a long time. He might be a homeless person.

  1. to shoot a scene
  2. problems
  3. end of the working day
  4. around the corner
  5. director
  6. weather

Read the rule. Rewrite the sentence so that they mean the same using the given words

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After the following words you can use infinitive(to do) or perfect infinitive(to have done):

  • believe
  • consider
  • expect
  • know
  • say
  • think

✔️ Detectives are considered to be very attentive.
It is often considered that detectives are very attentive.

✔️ They are believed to have stolen $3 million.
It’s believed that they have stolen $3 million.



Complete the text with active or passive form of the verbs

Rewrite the sentences using the correct form of the verb

✔️ I cut my hair.
I have my hair cut.

«I cut my hair» means that I do it myself.
«I have my hair cut» means someone cuts my hair for me (in this case it’s probably a hairdresser).

We use have something done to mean another person does a service for us.

Have + object + past participle

✔️ We didn’t want to cook so we had a pizza delivered.
I had my car washed at that new place by the station.
I had my watch fixed.

We can also use get instead of had and the meaning stays the same. The sentences above now become:

✔️ We didn’t want to cook so we got a pizza delivered.
I got my car washed at that new place by the station.
I got my watch fixed.

Future

Going to tells us about a future plan that has already been made.

✔️ I had my watch fixed tells us about the past.
I am going to have / get my watch fixed.

We use will for something that has just been decided:

✔️ I’ve just noticed how dirty my suit is. I will have / get it cleaned soon.


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Complete the sentence using the given words and looking at the pictures

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Read the headline and create a story

  • to be arrested
  • to have photos taken
  • to get evidence published
  • to apologise in public

  • to get caught
  • to be widely discussed
  • to be banned from
  • to renew the contracts

  • to be caught
  • to have photos published
  • to admit doing
  • to apologise for

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The things you have learnt today

  • talk about the profession of a detective;
  • use passive voice while speaking about crime and punishment;
  • understand audios and written texts better.

Criminals

1. mugger 4. blackmailer 7. hijacker
2. arsonist 5. vandal 8. kidnapper
3. murderer 6. pickpocket 9. shoplifter

Punishment

1. sentence 3. community service 5. judge 7. witness
2. order 4. death penalty 6. lawyer

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Listen to the interview and complete the sentences with the missing information

Interviewer | Sherlock Holmes

Interviewer: Mr Sherlock Holmes, I must ask you first How is it that you have the same name as Sherlock Holmes, the great detective from London?
Sherlock Holmes: Please, call me Holmes that’s what my friends and family call me well, you see, my parents were great fans of the original Conan Doyle stories. They were the kind of parents who would spend hours reading to me and my father, especially, would spend hours reading the Sherlock Holmes adventures to me even as a child.
Interviewer: Really!?
Sherlock Holmes: Yes and when I was born, they discussed a number of first names. They wanted to give their son a name that was uncommon but also that represented something special. They didn’t take long to decide on Sherlock Holmes as he was their favourite literary figure and they knew no one would forget me once they’d heard my name. And boy, were they right!
Interviewer: So, how do people in general react when you introduce yourself to them?
Sherlock Holmes: Well, I get all kinds of reactions really — everything from the usual «Where’s Dr Watson» type comments to people just thinking I’m being funny.
Interviewer: I can imagine And do you mind?
Sherlock Holmes: No, not at all. I’m a pretty easy-going person and I’ve never minded, no. I think, the best reaction was when I was in San Francisco one time. I went into an electronic store to buy a TV. The clerk behind the counter was a young lady about eighteen or so. After noticing the name on my credit card, she stared at it for about ten full seconds. Then, she slowly lifted her face to look at me and she said, in all sincerity, «I didn’t know you were real! Wait ’til I tell my friends I saw the real Sherlock Holmes!»
Interviewer: No!
Sherlock Holmes: Yes! it may sound far-fetched, but it’s absolutely true. You could have knocked her over with a feather. The expression on her face was as if she’d seen a ghost, it was very amusing.
Interviewer: Given your name, do you feel that you have any special talent or ability to solve mysteries In everyday life?
Sherlock Holmes: Well, I will say that having such a name does mean that people often turn to me If anything unusual happens. For example. If I’m watching TV with a friend or family member and a magician comes on and does some kind of trick all eyes turn to me to explain how it’s done.
Interviewer: Really? How funny!


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Rewrite the sentences in passive forms

Rewrite the sentences in active forms

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Complete the text with the words