Teens|Grammar activating|Int|4. I’ve done something extreme

Warm-up


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Match the words to the pictures


Lead-in


Watch the video and complete the sentences with the missing information

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Chess boxing. Most sports lay claim to boasting a mental and physical component, but few can compete with the dual nature of chess boxing. The sport, which marries the pugilistic power of boxing with the mental acuity required in chess, is comprised of five two-minute sparring rounds and 6 games of speed chess. The first competitor to earn a knock-out or to checkmate their opponent is declared the winner. It stands to reason, that the thinking demands of chess would grow considerably more difficult after sustaining a few blows to the head.

Volcano boarding. Every year, thousands of thrill-seeking travelers make their trek to Nicaragua’s Cerro Negro mountain in order to participate in the surfing on an active volcano. Boarders are dressed in protective jumpsuits, kneepads and helmets to protect against the rugged terrain of the 2,380-ft volcano. Relying on a small piece of specially-constructed plywood to help stay upright as they reach speeds of 80 km per hour. Since its creation in 2005, volcano boarding has attracted more than 10,000 participating daredevils.

Zorbing. To zorb is to roll around in what is essentially an oversized, cushioned hamster ball. There’s an undeniable rush in the fast-paced, disorienting feel of the unpredictable, out-of-control movement of rolling around within the ball, where you are situated in the middle of two inflatable plastic balls in order to cushion impact. The air in between them serves as a shock absorber, as you experience the impact of the bouncing ball.

Bosaball. This visually stunning sport — originally from Belgium — is essentially volleyball on steroids. Played on its own custom-made inflatable court surface, competing teams of 3 to 5 players stand on either side of a high net and must keep the ball in the air with any part of their body. To add further excitement, the court includes a trampoline on each side, with each team’s respective attacker positioned to slam the ball into the opposite side of the net.

Giant pumpkin kayaking. If Charlie Brown had been an extreme sports enthusiast, you’d have to believe his fascination with the Great Pumpkin would’ve lead him to this annual tradition in Oregon. 600 to 800-pound locally-grown pumpkins are hollowed out and raced along a lake. In addition to the elements, regatta participants have to contend with vessels that aren’t necessarily hydrodynamic or buoyant. Nor does the sliminess of their interior make for a particularly pleasing boating experience. Capsizing does happen on occasion, which is why rescue boats are on hand.

EXTREME IRONING! According to the extreme ironing bureau, which, apparently, is a real thing, the sport of extreme ironing combines the thrills of an extreme outdoor activity with the satisfaction of a well-pressed shirt.



Answer the questions based on the video

  1. Have you seen any of the adventurous activities before?
  2. Have you ever seen them with your own eyes? Where?
  3. Have you or your friend tried any extreme sport?
  4. How long have you/your friend been doing it?
  5. If you could try any of them as a birthday present, which would you opt for?
  6. Which activity do you suppose to be the most dangerous one?

Grammar


Match the words with their definitions

A compound adjective is an adjective that comprises more than one word. Usually, a hyphen (or hyphens) is used to link the words together to show that it is one adjective.

One of the most used structures is: Noun + Present Participle.


Example:

  • mouth-watering, record-breaking


Make sentences using the given words

Reading


Complete the text with the missing sentences

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1. Kate was in the water for 40 minutes before one of the men from the bungee company reached her.

2. Instinctively, she brought her arms up to protect her head, which prevented her from blacking out as she hit the water.

3. Kate fell for four seconds at breakneck speed after the rope snapped, for a distance of 40 metres. If she’d been over land, she would have died.

4. Being a positive person, Kate says she has never felt angry about what happened to her.

5. When she arrived at the hospital, she was put on a ventilator, given an ultrasound and taken to see a lung specialist.

6. Kate admits to feeling nervous as she waited for her jump, but didn’t think for a moment that anything could go wrong. A hundred and four people had already made the jump that day — she was the 105th.

Kate White, a 22-year-old student from Australia, miraculously survived when her bungee cord snapped and she fell into a crocodile-infested river.

The thrill seeker from Perth had never done a bungee jump before, but decided to give it a go while travelling in Zambia. Having just finished university, she wanted a big adventure, so she’d set off for Africa. She was travelling alone but joined a tour group when she heard they were heading to Victoria Falls to go bungee jumping. Known as the adrenalin capital of Africa, Victoria Falls is the ultimate destination for extreme sports enthusiasts looking for mind-blowing experiences. The idea of jumping from a 111 metre-high bridge over the gorge with the thunder of the falls behind sounded too good to miss.



Read the text again and mark the sentences True or False

Grammar


Read the rule with the examples

Present Perfect Present Perfect Continuous Past Simple
  • completed action, especially one which has a present result

She’s just finished the university.

  • to describe your personal experience (no time reference)

She’s never done bungee jumping before.

  • for actions which have been going on very recently

She has been training for 3 hours before the start.

  • how long the action continued, up to and possibly including the present moment.

She’s been looking for an adventure for a long time.

  • for finished past actions

Thousands of people did the same jump last year.

  • to describe your experience (with time reference)

5 years ago she decided to visit Canada.

  • in a chain actions

She went down to the bottom and tried to free her legs.


Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb

Listening


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Listen to 5 people and choose the activities they have tried


1.
Man: What activities and hobbies are you good at?

Woman: I’m quite good at juggling.

Man: Are you? How did you learn to do that?

Woman: Well, I started off just throwing and catching one ball, then two and now I can juggle with five balls at once.

Man: Can you juggle with plates?

Woman: No! I don’t think I could do that!

2.
Woman: What clubs do you belong to?

Man: I don’t belong to any, but my daughter is a member of an astronomy club.

Woman: Is she? Can she tell you what will happen in the future, then?

Man: No, astronomy, not astrology! She studies the stars and planets.

Woman: Oh, whoops. I always get those two mixed up … Does she have a telescope then?

Man: Yes, it was expensive, I can tell you …

3.
Woman: What types of exercise are you keen on?

Teenager: I’m keen on snowkiting.

Woman: Really? What’s that?

Teenager: It’s like snowboarding, you know, going down a mountain on a board, but you have a kite attached too, so you go even faster.

Woman: I haven’t even been skiing! Isn’t it terrifying?

Teenager: Yes, it is. That’s the whole point!

Woman: Do you do it regularly?

Teenager: No, I don’t. About once a year.

4.
Woman: What cultures are you interested in?

Man: I’m really interested in Chinese culture.

Woman: Have you been there?

Man: Yes, I have. I went there on holiday a few years ago and just found it fascinating. I’m trying to learn Mandarin now, oh, and I’ve started t’ai chi classes as well.

Woman: Have you? Isn’t that a kind of martial art?

Man: Well, yes, but it doesn’t involve any fighting. It’s a series of slow movements, almost like a slow dance. It’s really relaxing.

5.
Man: What do you spend too much time on?

Woman: Oh, that’s easy! Sudoku.

Man: What’s that?

Woman: Sudoku. It’s a kind of number puzzle invented in Japan. You have to complete a grid so that all the lines and boxes contain all of the numbers from one to nine.

Man: I haven’t tried that.


That was some years ago


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Read the instructions and do the task

Imagine that you have to prepare a speech about a moment from your life.
Choose the adjective to describe it and talk about your experience.


Example: I’ve seen a celebrity who has always been a role model for me. It happened when …

hair-raising
hair-raising

 

nail-biting
nail-biting

 


eye-catching
eye-catching

 

heart-warming
heart-warming

 

I’ve seen it myself


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Choose the correct form of the verb to complete the sentences


Complete the sentences with the verb in the correct form

Reading


Ask questions to complete the text with the missing information



Answer the questions about the text

1. What has he done to become so famous in the world of extreme sport?

2. When was the activity developed?

3. How does a person fly in the sky?

4. How can you characterise Laeng and his achievement?

Ask questions to a celebrity



Watch the video and make questions to the celebrity


Ellen: You did three films back-to-back?
Leo: I did three flims back-to-back. I did Gatsby, Django Unchained and then went straight into this, yeah.
Ellen: Wow. Three great movies.
Leo: Thank you.
Ellen: In one year. No, not in one year?
Leo: It was about a year and a half, yeah.
Ellen: Wow. That’s amazing.
Leo: Yep.
Ellen: And you forget about Django Unchained and Gatsby and– So, when you– How long have you been off now?
Leo: It’s been about a year and I still don’t have– I mean, this was such an– This film took, really, everything out of me.
Ellen: But you’re good at relaxing and doing…
Leo: Oh, I’m great!
Ellen: Yeah. Well, if you’re just doing nothing and around, you can come here every day, if you’d like.
Leo: Just hang out?
Ellen: Yeah. You can come by. I’ll just put a chair back there.
Leo: Hang out by the plants up there. And just sort of stare at you–
Ellen: Right, I’ll just put a chair right there, and you just sit there.
Leo: In a really creepy way.
Ellen: Yeah.
Leo: Just like I’ll be sitting up there…
Ellen: Nothing’s creepy about you looking at me. That’s fine. Uhm, so let’s talk about– we– we were just talking during the break: you had an amazing fundraiser and you sold art for your environmental foundation. What is the name of it?
Leo: It’s called LDF and we kind of focus on protecting, you know, endangered species and their ecosystems, so–coral reef systems, jungles that are home to, sort of, top predators. Sharks, tigers, things like that.
Ellen: I love that.
Leo: Yeah.
Ellen: I love that you’re doing that. And you’re protecting sharks. It’s, uhm, I think, when people are afraid of anything, whatever it is, a person or an animal, when you don’t understand it and you’re afraid of it, you– we feel like we must destroy it, you know. And sharks are amazing creatures.
Leo: Absolut– They’re the top of the food chain. And 90% of them have sort of been eliminated from the oceans, but, you know, the truth is that these things have no voice, you know? And only 2% of philanthropy goes towards environmentalism, which is, you know, microscopic, compared to the benefits that it gives us. So, you know, my whole goal with that auction was to really try to isolate some of these places and protect them for all-time. And, you know, that’s my goal.
Ellen: And you, uhm, had an encounter with a shark.
Leo: Yeah, a few, a few.
Ellen: But didn’t one get in– Weren’t you in a cage or something, and it got in there?
Leo: Yeah. You know, when I work with these NGOs, these non-profit organisations, you kinda go on the ground, you see what’s happening. I did a whole excursion, when I went to Nepal, went on elephant’s back and looked for tigers. Of course, for four days I was there, I didn’t see a single tiger. They blend into the jungle and you have an elephant, sort of, go up on their hind legs and they react to a tiger being there, but you can’t actually see them. Then I went to–
Ellen: Wait, what happens when you’re on an elephant and it goes on its hind legs?
Leo: You hold on.
Ellen: Okay. I see.
Leo: You hold on for your dear life.
Ellen: Thank you.
Leo: Yes. And then we went– then I went scuba-diving, looking for sharks, and I had a huge fear of sharks. When I did Blood Diamond in 2006, I actually got stuck in a cage with a great white, which was awesome. It was–
Ellen: How big was the great white?
Leo: It was a gigantic great white. And–
Ellen: What do you mean? It was in– with you in that–?
Leo: It was with me, yeah.
Ellen: How did you survive that?
Leo: I don’t know, I don’t know.
Ellen: Then you’re making it up.
Leo: No, I’m not. I’m not, I’m not. They actually said in 30 years, this has never happened, but the tuna kind of got stuck on the top of the cage and the great white leapt out and tried to bite it, and it went into the cage with me and half of its body was in and out, and I flattened down at the bottom. And it was this far away, and it chomped a few times, but I survived it. And the work that they’re doing is great. They’re protecting sharks as well. So I don’t–
Ellen: You don’t need to go do that anymore?
Leo: I don’t want to do that anymore, but, you know, I don’t want discount their work, because they’re doing great stuff. But it was absolutely terrifying.

You can ask about:

  • survival a shark attack;
  • activity this year;
  • his environmental project.

What I can do


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The things you have learnt today:


  • talk about adventures and travelling;
  • use Present Perfect Simple, Past Simple and Present Perfect Continuous while speaking about extreme sport;
  • listen to and understand texts better;
  • read and understand texts better;
  • use strong adjectives to describe exciting events.

1. bungee jumping
2. hang-gliding
3. rafting
4. rescue
5. free
6. survive
7. survival

Useful language

  • zorbing
  • parachute jumping


1. soul-destroying
2. heartwarming
3. hair-raising
4. breakneck
5. ear-splitting
6. eye-catching
7. nail-biting
8. mind-blowing

Useful language

  • heart-stopping
  • eye-opening

Homework


Read the definitions and match them to the adventure sport. There are two extra options


Tick the words and phrases appropriate for the group

Complete the letter with the correct form of the verbs


Prepare a 2-minute speech on the topic «The adventure of my dream»


Cover the points:

  1. Have you ever been to an exotic place? Where?
  2. What did you do there?
  3. Would you like to explore the jungles? Why?
  4. What dangers might you expect there?
  5. Have you seen wild animals? Where?
  6. Which adventure do you dream to have?

Allow your browser the access to the microphone, press the button «Click to record» and record the speech you have prepared