Teens|Grammar activating|Pre-Int|15. Into the wild

School marks


How are things at school?

Warm-up

Match the words with the pictures



Finish the sentences using the words from exercise 1

Man vs. wild


pic1_GE|Pre-Int|U1|15


Read the text and answer the questions

Bear Grylls is a man who likes adventure! In his programme «Man vs. Wild» a helicopter drops him into the areas which are miles away from other people. He has been to the rainforest in Brazil, to frozen mountains and to the desert in Africa. His adventures are more difficult than usual, because he has only the clothes he’s wearing and has to use his skills to survive.
He goes to places that are much hotter or much colder than anywhere on Earth! Bear himself says that extreme cold is worse than extreme heat, but he thinks it is less dangerous in cold places. He says, «Crocodiles and snakes don’t live in cold places!»

1. Which places does Bear visit in his programme?

2. Which places has he been to?

3. Why are his adventures more difficult than usual?

4. Why are the cold places less dangerous?


Watch the video and discuss the questions. Use the words below

I’m Bear Grylls. I’m gonna show you what it takes to get out alive from some of the most dangerous places on Earth. I’ve got to make it through a series of challenges in the sort of places you wouldn’t last a day without the right survival skills.

different, difficult, exciting, frightening, fun, great, impossible, lonely, dangerous


1. Would you like to travel with Bear Grylls?
2. Why / why not?
3. Where would you like to travel to?

Hotter or colder

pic2_GE|Pre-Int|U1|15


Complete the sentences


Read the rule

How to compare

For short adjectives (double the final consonant in the adjectives like «big» «fat», «sad») Adj + er than … The Pacific Ocean is (big) bigger than the Atlantic Ocean.
For adjectives ending in -y change -y into -i Adj+ier than … The desert is (dry) drier than the jungle.
For long adjectives (two or more syllables)

more Adj than…

less Adj than…

Lions are (dangerous) more dangerous than cheetahs.

Grass snakes are (dangerous) less dangerous than cobras.


Remember the irregular forms:

good — better

bad — worse

little — less

Did you know, that…


Look at the table and make sentences

pic3_GE|Pre-Int|U1|15


Alligators Crocodiles
dangerous ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
length of head ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
aggressive ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
dark skin ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
common ★ ★ ★
width of mouth ★ ★ ★ ★ ★







Complete the sentences

pic4_gepre-intu115
parrots
pic5_gepre-intu115
flamingos

 

pic6_gepre-intu115
peacocks

 

pic7_gepre-intu115
an ostrich

 

Amazing animals

pic8_gepre-intu115 pic9_gepre-intu115
pic10_gepre-intu115 pic11_gepre-intu115

Listen to the recording and complete the descriptions

Kaitlin: Oh hi, Marcus. How did your trip to the zoo go?
Marcus: It was good! I went with my class and we had to do a quiz on the animals we saw. My favourite was the tiger. Did you know it’s the biggest cat? The ones we saw were huge! And they say you can hear its roar from two kilometres away!
Kaitlin: Scary!
Marcus: And the polar bears were great. Apparently they are the largest animals that eat meat. Did you know that?
Kaitlin: No.
Marcus: And because there isn’t much food about they’ve learnt to smell it from one kilometre away.
Kaitlin: Wow! Good noses! Some animals are amazing. We did a project on Australia at school. I didn’t know that there are more kangaroos than people in Australia!
Marcus: Well, I suppose it’s because they can live in hot temperatures, so they can live in the desert there.
Kaitlin: Yes, it can get as hot as sixty degrees. Anyway, what else did you see at the zoo?
Marcus: Er, Emperor penguins. They’re such funny animals, but they live in the worst weather — all that ice! And they can live for more than one hundred days without eating! I really liked them. Then we ended up in the aquarium looking at the dolphins. They are so clever! Everyone says they are the most intelligent animal. They did a show — they can jump and turn seven times. Brilliant!
Kaitlin: Wow! I’d like to see that!

Making the superlatives


Read the example sentences, then find the rule they illustrate

pic12_gepre-intu115 pic13_gepre-intu115

1. Tiger is the biggest animal in cat family.
2. Dolphins are one of the most intelligent animals.
3. Lions are one of the scariest animals on Earth.
4. These animals are the least dangerous.




Complete the sentences

The Arctic adventure


Read the advertisement, then complete the letter

pic14_gepre-intu115


Talk about the trip or holiday that you remember

  • The best / worst thing was…
  • The funniest thing was…
  • The scariest thing was…
  • … was the most interesting / boring thing.

Going on adventure


Choose an adventure and convince your teacher to go with you

Indian Adventure (5 days) 694$ Australian Adventure (7 days), 1000$
pic15_gepre-intu115 pic16_gepre-intu115

Explore India with us!

  • travel by train through the country
  • stay in comfortable hotels
  • ride an elephant
  • try Indian food

The price for the hotels is not included

 

 

Would you like to see a kangaroo jumping?

Join us in Australia!

  • camp out in the desert
  • catch fish in the river
  • see kangaroos in the wild
  • meet the Native Australians

Don’t forget to bring your boots: there are lots of snakes!


Use the patterns:

  • … is better, because…
  • … is worse, because…
  • … is more / less…
  • The best thing will be…
  • The most interesting thing will be…

The elephant safari



Watch the video and choose True or False

I’ve come to Namibia on a quest, to find the elusive desert elephant. As a child, I heard about them. I heard they were huge, but I had no idea what a massive expansive wilderness we would have to look through to track them down.

Namibia covers an area over 300 thousand square miles. Most is desert and bush. This desert country is home to a whole array of animals, that you’d expect in Africa: from lion to giraffe and springbok. And the elephant is no exception. But to live here they’ve had to adapt to survive in desert conditions. The desert elephants of Namibia are one of only two known populations in the world. The other group are in Mali. To survive in this arid environment, they consume less food and water than other African elephants. And their feet are larger to cope with the soft desert terrain. «I’ve just seen an elephant track. Definitely, the biggest tracks I’ve ever seen.»

These tracks are a great clue that may help me find the elephant. So, we inch forward. Somewhere ahead of me is my first Namibian desert elephant. But these large animals aren’t as easy to spot as you might think.

«That elephant when I first saw in I didn’t think it was that big, because he’s standing on the back. But I’m telling you, that’s huge.

This elly is the height of the big truck. He looks relaxed and unfazed. But then, in a sudden display of strength another male crashes in on our left! But this was just a mock charge from a juvenile, so he stands that ground and he quickly calms down.


Now you can


pic24_GE|B||U1|1


Now you can:

1. use the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives;
2. talk about the nature and animals.


Places on Earth

1. desert 3. jungle 5. field 7. waterfall
2. rainforest 4. mountain 6. ocean

Animals

1. kangaroo 3. penguin 5. polar bear 7. snake 9. shark
2. ostrich 4. parrot 6. peacock 8. flamingo 10. dolphin

Adjectives

1. incredible 3. frightening 5. huge
2. amazing 4. scary 6. intelligent

Grammar reference


Comparative adjectives

pic1_gepre-inthwu115

We use comparative adjectives when we compare two people, places, animals or objects.

Elephants are taller than horses.
Giraffes are taller than elephants.

Adjectives change to comparative adjectives like this.

Short adjectives: + er/+ r
Adjective Comparative adjective

tall

big*

nice

taller

bigger

nicer

*Double the final consonant in adjectives that end in vowel + consonant: big → bigger

Adjectives ending in — y
Adjective Comparative adjective
hungry

friendly

hungrier

friendlier


Long adjectives (two or more syllables)

Adjective

Comparative adjective

difficult

intelligent

more difficult

more intelligent


Irregular adjectives

Adjective

Comparative adjective

good

bad

better

worse


We can use comparative adjectives after be, look, get and feel.

We usually use «than» after comparative adjectives.

They’re more expensive than apples.


We can sometimes use a comparative adjective on its own to describe a change.

The weather’s getting colder.(= colder than it was before)
I feel better now.(= better than I felt yesterday)


Superlative adjectives


We use superlative adjectives when we compare a person, animal, place or thing with all of the group they are in.

That giraffe is the tallest animal in the zoo.
Giraffes are the tallest animals in the world.


Adjectives change to superlative adjectives like this.

Short adjectives

Adjective

Superlative adjective

young

rich

sad

the youngest

the richest

the saddest*

* Double the final consonant in adjectives that end in vowel + consonant:

sad → the saddest, wet → the wettest


Adjectives ending in -y

Adjective

Superlative adjective

funny

happy

the funniest

the happiest


Long adjectives (two or more syllables)

Adjective

Superlative adjective

comfortable

delicious

the most comfortable

the most delicious


Irregular adjectives

Adjective

Superlative adjective

good

bad

the best

the worst


We always use the before superlative adjectives.

Ronny’s the funniest person in the class.


After superlative adjectives we usually use in or on before the name of a place.

It’s the biggest lake in Europe.
It’s the most dangerous place on Earth.

As busy as a bee


Match the parts of the idioms


We use as … as to say that there isn’t a difference between people and things.

It’s as big as a house!


We use not as … as to say that there is a difference between people and things.

Cats aren’t as big as lions.


Look at the pictures and compare the animals

A tiger is not as big as an elephant.

Cats aren’t as friendly as dogs.

pic2_gepre-inthwu115 pic3_gepre-inthwu115 pic4_gepre-inthwu115
pic5_gepre-inthwu115 pic6_gepre-inthwu115 pic7_gepre-inthwu115

beautiful, dangerous, intelligent, friendly, nice, rare, big, small

Compare


Choose the correct option

pic8_gepre-inthwu115 pic9_gepre-inthwu115

Complete with the comparative form

Winter vs. summer


Complete the sentences using the opposite adjectives

pic10_GE|Pre-Int|HW|U1|15



Write the sentences in correct order








The animal world


Listen to the recording and choose True or False

pic11_gepre-inthwu115 pic12_gepre-inthwu115

Dolphins and sharks live in the sea. Dolphins live in groups called pods. Some sharks live in groups called schools, but others live alone. Dolphins are more sociable and playful than sharks. They are also more intelligent than sharks. They communicate and help each other. Sharks are more aggressive than dolphins, but not all sharks are dangerous. Whale sharks are big, but they only eat small fish and plants. Great white sharks are more dangerous than whale sharks.


Write sentences to compare animals. Use your own ideas

Holiday impressions


Choose the best sentence and complete the dialogue

pic13_gepre-inthwu115 pic14_gepre-inthwu115

A — Anna | B — Ben


General knowledge quiz


Write the superlative adjectives and guess the answers

pic15_gepre-inthwu115 pic16_gepre-inthwu115
the Pacific Ocean

the Atacama Desert, Chile

crab

the blue whale

the Cullinan

the python

snakes

monkey

Now listen and check your answers

The postcard


Complete the postcard with the words from the list

pic17_GE|Pre-Int|HW|U1|15


Use the words: ate, Atlantic Ocean, dolphins, Ireland, very long, windy


Write a postcard


Write 8-10 sentences about your last journey to an interesting place

pic18_gepre-inthwu115 pic19_gepre-inthwu115

Write about:

  • where you were
  • what were the most interesting things there
  • what were the best/worst things there
  • the place where you stayed
  • the activities you did
  • the weather and the nature there
  • what you liked the most/the least about the trip

Wordlist

1. lake 8. field 15. cold
2. seaside 9. desert 16. wet
3. ocean 10. beautiful 17. dry
4. mountain 11. incredible 18. green
5. countryside 12. unusual 19. snowy
6. island 13. amazing 20. windy
7. beach 14. boring 21. sunny

Кликни по 🔗ссылке, переходи в приложение Quizlet и учи/повторяй слова из урока

Урок Homework Курс
  • School marks
  • Warm-up
  • Man vs. wild
  • Hotter or colder
  • Did you know, that…
  • Amazing animals
  • Making the superlatives
  • The Arctic adventure
  • Going on adventure
  • The elephant safari
  • Now you can
  • Grammar reference
  • As busy as a bee
  • Compare
  • Winter vs. summer
  • The animal world
  • Holiday impressions
  • General knowledge quiz
  • The postcard
  • Write a postcard
  • App: Quizlet