Teens|Grammar activating|Int|1. Eating habits

Warm-up


Name the dishes in the pictures

hamburger
hamburger

 

pizza
pizza

 

pies
pies

 

tostadas
tostadas

 

oysters
oysters

 

croissant
croissant

 

sushi
sushi

 

pasta
pasta

 

fish and rice
fish and rice

 

guacamole
guacamole

 

pancakes
pancakes

 

French fries
French fries

 


Match the national dishes to the countries

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Lead-in



Watch the video and answer the questions


We all love a burger. And this time, I reckon, I’d crack the ultimate one. My friend Christian is an expert in all things barbecue, so he’s come to help me cook it — and eat it.

JO: First up, go to your butcher’s and ask him for chuck steak. It’s got incredible flavour.

Chr: It’s the classic meat for a classic burger.

JO: Divide it into four, so — that’s 800 grams here — that’s 200-gram patties. You want to make your patties just a bit bigger than the bun, because you will get some shrinkage. I’m making two pickles: with a few crinkle-cut gherkins and a little bit of chili, plus a second with finely-sliced red onion, white wine vinegar and a pinch of salt.

JO: I’m gonna do a bit of a Jay sauce.

Chr: Okay.

JO: Two heaped tablespoons of mayo, one tablespoon of ketchup, worcestershire sauce (important!) — a little swig or two. Tabasco …

Chr: Oh, I love this stuff.

JO: With chipotle rocks. And then, a little tinkle of bourbon.

Chr: Okay.

JO: And just a tiny dribble of your onion vinegar. Iceberg. When it kinda gets dressed in that, it’s kind of, like, half-soft, half-crunchy …

Chr: I’m nicking this, dude. This is a really good …

JO: You happy about this?

Chr: Yeah, really good. Let’s get grilling. Pad the burgers with oil and season with salt and pepper.

JO: You can see already, like, the fat’s starting to cinder off, hit the coals and that’s sort of pelting smoke back up and kissing the meat — and this is what barbecue is all about.

Chr: Yeah, it is.

JO: Whether it’s charcoal or wood. Go and get the american-style mustard and we go get a paintbrush. Sear one side of the burger. And then we turn it. And then that seared side — we brush. And then we see the mustard-seared side and then we brush the other side. So we do two normal cooks and then two mustard cooks. This is gonna create a lovely, kinda, hummy, gorgeous mustard bark. It’s smoked bacon. And the fat’s doing that — and you just know you’re caramelizing and creating flavour … Cheese. Two nice slices. I’m using Red Leicester.

Chr: I dub thee King of the Grill.

JO: Use any cheese you fancy, as long as it’s a good tasty melter. And now …

Chr: Oh, it’s like a, uhm …

JO: We put the dome over.

Chr: Yeah!

JO: Okay? So that’s turning it into an oven. And it’s just gonna let that cheese melt, just sag.

Chr: It’s already starting to do its magic, man.

JO: You can see it’s starting to do its magic; and I’m just gonna pop the bacon on top. In that pan is amazing smoky bacon fat.

Chr: You’re not going in there with the rolls, are you?

JO: I am! I am. This is a brioche bun, to sort of suck up all the juices that wrest out of the burger. Now, for that special moment — the build.

Chr: Bacon just sends it off.

JO: It’s so good! It’s alright to eat messy, yeah?

Chr: You’re supposed to eat messy!

JO: You don’t want to have a polite burger?

Chr: No!

JO: That’s boring!

Chr: What are you, a wuss?


  1. What food is Jamie Oliver cooking?
  2. What are the ingredients ?
  3. Is it healthy food? Why?
  4. What cuisine does it belong to?
  5. Do you like such dishes?
  6. What’s your favourite dish?

Answers:

1. a hamburger;

2. buns, bacon, meat, salt/pepper, pickled cucumbers, onion, sauce

4. American, German

Diets around the world


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Read the interviews and match the paragraphs with the questions

Interview 1

Alice, lawyer from San Francisco, USA

A I think people are trying to improve their diets, but they are doing it the wrong way by following diets like the Atkins diet. Personally, I don’t think it’s very healthy to cut out entire groups of foods like carbohydrates.

B Not very often. I don’t have the time or talent to cook full meals. I usually heat up a frozen meal or order a takeaway.

C Sometimes I get fast food for lunch. I have to admit that I love French fries. I feel terrible about it afterwards, but I don’t do it very often.

D I usually have a bowl of cereal or toast for breakfast. For lunch I eat at a restaurant near my office. I prefer Japanese or Indian food. I usually eat rice with fish and vegetables, soup or sushi. I don’t eat meat, but I eat a lot of fish. In the evening, I just have something light at home.

E I am trying to cut down on the amount of fat I eat. I’m also trying to eat more wholemeal bread.

F Not really. I enjoy certain kinds of food, but most meals are just fuel to keep me going through the day.



Interview 2

Jacqueline, IT consultant from Lyons, France

A Yes, I cook every evening for my family. I often make soup or traditional French dishes like «boeuf bourguignon», which is a kind of beef and red wine stew, and then we have cheese and salad. It may seem a lot but we don’t eat big portions. What’s important for me is quality, not quantity.

B Yes, I’m trying to eat less chocolate.

C I think people’s diets are getting worse and worse. It’s quite strange because we have a lot of information now about how bad fast food is for you. I’m afraid it’s a problem in a lot of European countries.

D Not at home, I think most of the food I cook is healthy, but occasionally when I eat out I have something unhealthy, but it doesn’t worry me.

E Yes, definitely. For me good meals with the family make me happy!

F I’m quite traditional and I have three main meals a day. For breakfast, I like hot chocolate, and bread and butter with honey or jam. For lunch, I often eat in a restaurant with my colleagues. I usually have vegetables and meat or fish but I love pasta and rice too. In the afternoon, I have fruit with biscuits or a piece of chocolate. In the evening, I have a proper meal with my family.


Food is good


Match the words with their definitions

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Choose the button and talk for 2 minutes about it

Useful language

  • to be healthy / unhealthy
  • junk food
  • portions
  • dishes
  • cuisine
  • variety of dishes
  • to eat out
  • to get takeaway food

Useful language

  • to be tasty
  • to be healthy
  • to be proud of
  • to be popular
  • to be famous for

Useful language

  • to be on a diet
  • to keep fit
  • to eat out
  • large portions
  • fast food restaurants
  • frozen meal

Grammar

Read the rule

Present Simple Present Continuous

(+) She drinks coffee in the morning.

(-) They don’t use / do not use a coffee machine at work.

(?) Does he have cereal for breakfast?

(+) I‘m waiting / am waiting for a friend.

(-) He isn’t coming/is not coming.

(?) What are you doing after class?

Used for:

  • things that are always true or happen regularly

Water boils at 100°C.

  • timetables

The train arrives at 6 p.m.

  • with stative verbs

agree, be, believe, belong, depend, forget, hate, hear, know, like, love, matter, mean, need, prefer, realize, recognize, seem, suppose

It seems I understand you.

Used for:

  • actions in progress at the time of speaking

He is sleeping. Don’t disturb!

  • future arrangements

They’re meeting us at the station.


 


Match the sentence with the meaning

I’m having lunch now


Match the sentences with the category


Some verbs are normally not used in continuous tenses because they don’t describe actions.
They describe feelings or states.

Verbs of sense perception

Verbs of preferences

Verbs of mental activity

Abstract verbs

see
hear
smell
taste
feel
look
sound
like
love
hate
enjoy
prefer
adore
dislike
admire
detest
respect
wish
want
desire
know
believe
notice
realize
forget
remember
recognize
think
expect
understand
see
seem
mean
contain
resemble
appear
possess
include
belong
consist
deserve
involve
lack
depend
concern
need
fit
matter
cost
own
owe
have
require
keep

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Example: I don’t need so much milk in my coffee. — Abstract verbs.



Make questions using the correct form of the verb

What are you doing tonight?


Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb

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Write questions in the present continuous or present simple

Listening


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Listen to the interview and answer the questions


Interviewer: Rumiko, what do you eat in a typical day?

Rumiko: I don’t usually have breakfast because I can’t get up early enough to eat! I normally just buy a coffee and drink it in the office. I usually have lunch in a restaurant near the office with people from work. When I was younger, I used to go to fast food restaurants and have pizza, or fried chicken and chips, but now I prefer eating something healthier, so I go to sushi restaurants or restaurants which serve organic food. And for dinner I eat out a lot too.

Interviewer: Do you ever cook?

Rumiko: Well, I like cooking, but I work very late every day and also my kitchen’s too small. My boyfriend’s a better cook anyway.

Interviewer: Do you ever eat unhealthy food?

Rumiko: Well, I don’t eat a lot of sweet things but I drink a lot of coffee every day. I think I’m addicted to caffeine.

Interviewer: Are you trying to cut down on anything at the moment? No, I eat healthily and I do exercise regularly, so I don’t think I need to cut down on food.

Interviewer: Are people’s diets in your country getting better or worse?

Rumiko: Ob, probably worse, I think the diet in Japan today is much more westernized than before and that’s why some people are getting fatter. But personally I like the fact that there are more different kinds of food and restaurants now. I enjoy the variety, it makes eating out much more fun.


  1. What does she usually have in the morning?
  2. Where does she usually have lunch and dinner?
  3. Why doesn’t she often cook ?
  4. Does she eat or drink anything unhealthy?
  5. Is she cutting down on anything at the moment? Why (not)?
  6. What’s happening to the Japanese diet at the moment?
  7. Does she think this is a completely bad thing?

Answers:

1. She usually buys a coffee and drinks it in the office.

2. She usually has lunch in a restaurant near the office with people from work.

3. She works too late. Her kitchen is too small. Her boyfriend is a better cook.

4. She drinks a lot of coffee.

5. No, she isn’t.

6. The diet in Japan today is much more westernized than before and that’s why some people are getting fatter.

7. No, she enjoys the variety.

Eating healthy food


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Answer the questions

  1. What do you usually have for breakfast?
  2. How many cups of coffee do you drink a day?
  3. Where do you usually have lunch?
  4. How often do you eat out a week?
  5. Do you prefer eating at home or eating out?
  6. Do you need to buy any food today?
  7. Are you hungry? Do you want something to eat?
  8. Are you taking any vitamins or food supplements at the moment?
  9. Are you trying to eat healthily at the moment?

Discuss the statements

  1. Young people today are eating less healthily than their parents.
  2. Men are better cooks.
  3. Vegetarians are healthier than people who eat a lot of meat.
  4. Every country thinks that their cooking is the best.

Useful language

  • For example …
  • I agree because …
  • I don’t agree as …
  • I think it’s true because …
  • I don’t think it’s true because …
  • I think it depends on …

What you can do


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The things you have learnt today

  • talk about food and cooking;
  • use Present Simple and Present Continuous while speaking about eating habits, food, and cooking;
  • listen to and understand texts better;
  • read and understand texts better.


1. cut down

2. eat out

3. heat up

Homework


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Read the text and mark the sentences True or False

Most people believe that health is very important and, because of this, many are trying to eat more healthily. For example, people in the UK are eating less salt and more low fat margarine and milk; fruit is now America’s second-favourite snack and Japan is currently promoting cocoa because it is a healthy alternative to soft drinks like Coca Cola.

These changes in eating habits are also having an effect on the food market Global sales are increasing for soy drinks and drinkable yoghurts more than any other food and sales of bread, pasta, and cereals are growing much more slowly.

People are also becoming more interested in fresh fruit and vegetables and «farmers’ markets» are getting more popular throughout Europe. When they can, people often opt for «natural goodness», and they’re buying more products that are healthy, like fruit salads, and nuts. They are also buying products that help to protect the environment like organic vegetables. So it’s clear that things in the food world will never be the same again.


Complete the sentences using Present Simple or Present Continuous


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Complete the sentences with the correct words

Prepare a 2-minute speech on the topic «My dream cafe»

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Cover the points:

  1. Would you like to open a restaurant or cafe?
  2. What cuisine would you choose?
  3. How would you decorate the place?
  4. What prices would you set there?

Allow your browser the access to the microphone, press the button «Click to record» and record the speech you have prepared